Weimar porcelain marks

Weimar porcelain marks DEFAULT

PM&M /Germany /Thuringia :

Blankenhain

[1] : Christian Andreas Wilhelm Speck ( until )

In the year Christian Andreas Wilhelm Speck found out that the raw materials available in the area were not only suitable for manufacturing stoneware but also allowed the production of porcelain. Even after various fruitless efforts of trying to receive permission, he kept applying for a license to open business there for nearly ten years. Finally, on July 1st , he was granted permission to build a factory by the Earl Carl Friedrich Reichsgraf zu Hatzfeld zu Gleichen.

The blue 'S' was used as first mark after production started the same year and in the year , Christian Speck was present at the Leipzig fair for the first time. His products were an instant success, ensuring constant orders for the next few years. Nearly the whole factory was destroyed in a fire on June 26th and this resulted in a smaller output capacity and hindered industrial growth for quite some time. Christian Speck died at the age of nearly 70 years on December 30th,

[1] : Porzellanfabrik Christian Speck ( until )

Using the same marks as before, the new owner from onwards was Gustav Vogt, an advisor to the local chamber of commerce. But in the company was taken over yet again, this time by the businessman Sorge from the town of Auma and his partner Isidor Streithardt from the town of Uhlstädt. Things did not look so good until May when they were joined by H. Kästner who lived in Weimar and together they led the factory until

[2] : Porzellanfabrik Fasold & Eichel ( until )

In the company was sold to the Fasold family who originally came from the city of Selb in Bavaria. They kept the business name until they joined up with Eichel in and from onwards, the whole factory was upgraded and soon included various new buildings which actually doubled its value. The shield of the Weimar dukes was finally adapted as trademark in and ten years later the factory even had its own electric power station. But shortly after that, the company dissolved as two of the Fasold family members died and Eichel proved unable to run the company alone, so the business was sold to Eduard Eichler who only owned it for a very short time before he himself changed his original business in Dux (today Duchcov) into a corporation. As the Blankenhain factory was now also part of the corporation, the name was also changed into Duxer Porzellanmanufaktur ⇒A.G..

[3] : Duxer Porzellanmanufaktur A.G. ( until )

When the newly established ⇒Duxer Porzellanmanufaktur A.G. took over the porcelain factory in Blankenhain, the other Dux subsidiary in Šelty was liquidated; the corporation started to concentrate more on porcelain production as to replace the normal items produced until then. In the well known trade mark showing a pink coloured triangle with the inscription 'ROYAL DUX BOHEMIA' was introduced and one should take note as this was not the only mark the company used during that period. In the Art Nouveau period the company achieved a most remarkable success thanks to its modeller Alois Hampel. The factory was also awarded the Grand Prix at the world exhibition in St. Louis in , the silver medal at the exhibition in Milan (Italy) in and the gold medal at the exhibition in Liberec (Czech Republic) shortly afterwards; some of the products introduced at that time are still produced in Dux up to this day. This successful period was interrupted by WWI and because of the specific character of the produced goods, the pre-war standard of production could not be maintained, resulting in financial difficulties that in the end forced the Dux company to sell the Blankenhain subsidiary at the end of

[4] : Blankenhainer Porzellanfabrik C.&E. Carstens ( until )

The factory was taken over by the Hamburg based family Carstens in the same year, but the legal proceedings took until the following year before the name could be officially changed to Blankenhainer Porzellanfabrik C.&E. Carstens. After at first continuing to use the older mark, it was then changed in by adding the crown and laurel.

[5] : V.E.B. Weimar Porzellan ( until )

The Blankenhain business was one of the first companies in East Germany that was nationalized in , even before the official founding of the German Democratic Republic in October The company was renamed to ⇒V.E.B. Weimar Porzellan and from onwards (until ) the mark carried the addition 'MADE IN GDR'.

During the time from to the whole factory was modernized and some parts expanded further. A new production assembly with a capacity of 6, square meters was built and the traditional hand-fed and cleaned round kilns based on a year old technology were replaced by a modern tunnel kiln with a lenght of 75 meters in the year In the meantime, the factory was declared part of the Feinkeramik Kahla combine in and the note 'MADE IN GDR' was replaced by 'MADE IN GERMAN DEMOCRACTIC REPUBLIC'.

The highlights of production during the era of the German Democratic Republic were:

  • Leipzig Fair , Gold Award for the China set 'Exquisit'
  • Leipzig Fair , Gold Award for the China set 'Saskia'
  • Leipzig Fair , Gold Award for the China set 'Alt Weimar'
  • Leipzig Fair , Gold Award for the China set 'Victoria'

After German reunification in /, Weimar Porzellan was integrated in the ⇒Treuhandanstalt program founded by the West German state.

[6] : Weimar Porzellan G.m.b.H. ( until today)

Continuing a short time as a company under Treuhand leadership, the company found an investor and from January 1st onwards the Weimar Porzellan ⇒G.m.b.H. belonged to the real estate group Herbert Hillebrand Baubetreuungs- und Grundbesitz ⇒K.G., which was based in Kerpen-Horrem and at that time also included:

But the grouping had its flaws and two of the three former East German companies had to close, forcing Herbert Hillebrand to file for bankruptcy as it had cost his group approximately million Euro. Zeller Keramik and the Wallendorfer Porzellanmanufaktur were released out of the bankrupt group, but in the beginning of Weimar Porzellan had financial problems. On June 1st the company was re-established and an intensive restructuring program was initiated, including the reduction of the production area from a four-floored building with 30, square meters down to a ground-level building with 9, square meters. Investments regarding the productivity and quality were made, including new firing and glazing kilns worth 1,3 million Euro. In the newly constructed decorating section including the new decoration/glazing kiln was put into service, drastically cutting energy costs and maximizing production flexibility.

In July the company opened a special event sales and factory outlet area with square meters and also started to offer guided tours and decoration classes. This feature was not only of special interest for tourists and in the special event and factory outlet area grew to a size of square meters and a second firing/glazing kiln was taken into service. All together the investments made since total a value of over three million Euro.

Comment(s)

The items made for Wheelock are normally clearly marked, as can be seen below. Another example would be 'WHEELOCK', 'MADE IN GERMANY', 'FOR BAYLES THE JEWELER', 'CHILLICOTE, ILL.' and 'WEIMAR'.

Marks

blankenhain

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Different variations of the 'S' mark were used from onwards, but no dates can be given.
blankenhain

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Used after , second example.
blankenhain

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Used after , third example.
blankenhain

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Used after , fourth example.
blankenhain

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Used from around onwards, the shield of the Weimar dukes. Minor changes were made over the time, this is one with small 'GERMANY'.
blankenhain

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Marks were not always perfect as can be seen when looking at this example.
blankenhain

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Here an example with the hard to find 'WEIMAR HANDPAINTED CHINA' addition in red.
blankenhain

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Another version of the shield mark, here with large 'GERMANY'. That addition was not always used
blankenhain

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for example it was never used under this version with filled horizontal bars (drawn example).
blankenhain

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The finer painted shield is found on younger items (here including 'GERMANY')
blankenhain

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and some of these are surrounded by 'MADE IN GERMANY'.
blankenhain

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Items made for US retailer Wheelockreceived own marks like this one.
blankenhain

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the mark was changed again by adding the crown and laurel, resulting in the mark shown here which was used in green and blue under glaze.
blankenhain

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The mark was also used in a colored version like this.
(Picture by Michael Payne)
blankenhain

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This blue mark seems to have been used from until , used on products with small bases were the bigger mark did not fit.
blankenhain

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the mark was altered and now carried the addition 'WEIMAR PORZELLAN' as shown here.
blankenhain

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This one was in use only shortly after the founding of the GDR, note the 'Made in Germany'.
(Picture by Jacqueline Kacprzak)
blankenhain

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Another example in bright green.
(Picture by Thomas Menz)
blankenhain

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Here a version with 'MADE IN GERMANY' and a (so far) unidentified third party addition.
blankenhain

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In the note 'MADE IN GDR' was added and used until
blankenhain

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Same as before, this time with the 'ECHT WEIMAR KOBALT' addition in gold lettering.
blankenhain

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then saw the introduction of the 'Made in German Democratic Republic' addition.
blankenhain

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This mark was used on all pieces to celebrate the year production aniversary in
blankenhain

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This one is from a limited edition plate.
blankenhain

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Used to celebrate the status of the city of Weimar as Cultural City of Europe in Can only be found on the 'Weimar Classics 99' Limited Edition.
blankenhain

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The currently used mark.

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Antique Welmar china is collectible porcelain that was imported from Germany. This type of china is commonly bought and sold in America today.

The Long History Behind Welmar China

Welmar china, also called Weimar china is a product of the C&E Carstens Porcelain Factory in Blankenhain, Thuringia, Germany. The German porcelain factory has over a year history that dates back to the year Catherine the Great had commissioned Christian Andreas Speck to create porcelain for her. The company's legacy started with Speck and has continued to evolve into what it is today.

Related Articles

The company has gone by many different names since its beginning and up until Fasolt and Eichel took ownership in The company made tableware, coffee and tea sets and other decorative porcelain. Next to take over were the Carstens brothers who renamed the company Blankenhainer Porzellanfabrik C & E Carstens. They produced porcelain until The company became nationalized after WWII, when it was renamed again to VEB Porzellanwerk "Weimar Porezellan", a name that held until During this time, the company won several awards for their fine china including:

  • Gold Award for the China set 'Exquisit', Leipzig Fair
  • Gold Award for the China set 'Saskia', Leipzig Fair
  • Gold Award for the China set 'Alt Weimar', Leipzig Fair
  • Gold Award for the China set 'Victoria', Leipzig Fair

The German manufacturer of porcelain had gained noteworthy recognition for their products during the earlier Art Nouveau period, largely due to artisan Alois Hampel. At the world exhibition in St. Louis in , the factory was awarded the Grand Prix. A silver medal was won at the exhibition in Milan Italy in and a gold medal at the exhibition in Liberec (Czech Republic).The stamp that appears on Welmar china is a stripped shield with a crown over it and two tree branches on either side. The word "Weimar" appears diagonally across the shield. In some versions the words "Weimar Porzellan" and "Made in Germany" also appear. The stamp has been through many variations and colors including green, blue, gold and black, the colors currently used.

This German porcelain company still produces about , pieces of china today.

What Makes Welmar China So Special

Besides its long, rich history, what makes antique Welmar china so unique? Welmar china is a type of porcelain known as bone china. This type of porcelain gets its name from one of the main ingredients used to make it, which is literally animal bones. Cattle bones that have a lower iron content are crushed and then degelatinised. The bones are then calcined (heated to change the composition) at up to degrees Celsius, to produce bone ash, which makes up about 50% of the material in bone china. Other materials used in the process include kaolin and Cornish stone.

The raw materials to make bone china are expensive and the process is a lot of work. Bone china has an extremely bright white color, greater translucency and superior strength when compared to other types of porcelain. This is why bone china commands high prices and is considered a luxury item.

Not only does Welmar china contain quality materials, this award-winning porcelain has a long history of superior craftsmanship.

Collecting Antique Welmar China

You might think that collecting this type of china, especially if it's antique, would be really expensive. While it certainly can be, you can also collect antique Welmar china one or two pieces at a time. When you buy this way, it becomes more affordable.

Sites that you should check regularly for antique Weimar or Welmar china include:

These sites have all had or currently have antique or vintage Welmar china for sale. Browse through as many listings as you can find and start a journal (or print screen and save web shots of listings) to keep records of what different porcelain pieces are selling for. Over time, you will know when you see a bargain for this type of china.

© LoveToKnow Media. All rights reserved.

Sours: https://antiques.lovetoknow.com/Antique_Welmar_China
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Christian Andreas Wilhelm Speck obtained a permission to build a porcelain factory in Blankenhain in Already in started production. The factory swiftly gained a reputation and until the fire in production was rising. Christian Speck died in A new owner became Gustav Vogt. His reign lasted just ten years. Next owners were Sorge and Isidor Streithardt. In they were joined by Kästner. Fasold family bought Porzellanfabrik Christian Speck in In the business was joined by Eichel. The factory was renamed to Porzellanfabrik Fasold & Eichel. In the Blankenhein factory became a part of Duxer Porzellanmanufaktur A.G. After the WWI in the factory was taken over by Carstens family. The name was changed into Blankenhainer Porzellanfabrik C.&E. Carstens. Next big change came in after the WWII. The business was nationalized by East Germany. V.E.B. Weimar Porzellan produced under this name until The firm was privatized and since operates as Weimar Porzellan G.m.b.H.

Weimar Porzellan mark

Detail

Weimar Porzellan Made in German Democratic Republic - mark.

Weimler Porzellan mark

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Weimar Weimler Porzellan Made in Germany Echt Weimar Kobalt - mark.

Weimar crown mark

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Weimar crown and wrath - mark.

Weimar GDR mark

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Weimar Weimler Porzellan Made in GDR - mark.

Blue Weimar mark

Detail

Blue Weimar crown and wrath - mark.

Weimar Germany mark

Detail

Weimar Germany - mark.

Blue Weimar mark

Detail

- blue Weimar mark.

Contemporary Weimar mark

Detail

Weimar Made in Germany contemporary mark.

 

 

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Porcelain exhibition Zwinger Palace Dresden Germany

Weimar Porzellan

Weimar Porzellanmanufaktur, or Weimar Porzellan (English: Weimar porcelain) is a German company that has been manufacturing porcelain in Weimar since [1]

Part of the KÖNITZ Group family are next to WEIMAR PORZELLAN, the art of porcelain making for the 21 st century of which is living up to meet the most premium standards, amongst others, the brands WAECHTERSBACH with its colourful concepts for the well-laid table and KÖNITZ, the Mug Makers.[2]

Timeline[edit]

Bundesarchiv Bild , Weimar-Porzellan, Malerei.jpg
YearOccurrence
Established by Christian Andreas Speck
First products presented at the Leipzig Trade Fair
Takeover by Gustav Vogt
Sold to Gottfried Sorge, soon followed by bankruptcy
Streitbarth and Köstner co-operation
Sold to Fasolt after period in which factory was closed down
Partnership with Eduard Eichler
Ernst Carstens purchases the factory
Registered trademark "Weimar Porzellan"
Nationalisation and inclusion into the state-owned "Kombinat Feinkeramik Kahla"
Purchase by Herbert Hillebrand Bauverwaltungs-Gesellschaft mbH
Bankruptcy and purchase by the town of Blankenhain, British American Ltd. and Optima Immobilien GmbH
Renewed purchase by Hillebrand
Purchase by Könitz Porzellan GmbH, owned by Turpin Rosenthal

[3]

History[edit]

The Launching of Weimar Porzellan[edit]

June 8, - The manufacturer and ceramists Christian Andreas Speck asked Friedrich Graf von Hatzfeld in Blankenhain to build a porcelain factory. July 1, - the license to produce porcelain in Blankenhain was approved by Count Friedrich von Hatzfeld in Vienna. The fire-proof production site was to be built in in the shooting building which Speck had bought. The argillaceous earth necessary for producing china clay was brought from Tannroda, the quartz-feldspar sand came from Schwarza and the vicinity of Blankenhain. The mass was ground and elutriated in the factory's own mill on Seeteich.

The conditions for manufacturing porcelain were excellent and remained a constant during political upheaval. Only after the Battle of Leipzig in and after the Congress of Vienna, political stability returned. Speck was able to form an agreement with the respective magistrates in order that their porcelain production was unaffected. In , Speck presented the first porcelain products at the Leipzig Fair. In the early 19th century tableware for the middle classes and typically "ordinary goods" were manufactured and by , Speck employed workers. In the factory nearly burned down completely and great efforts were made to press ahead with its reconstruction. Christian Andreas Speck died at the age of 69 on December 30 of that year.

Period of Instability[edit]

After the death of Christian Andreas Speck, Landkammerrat Gustav Vogt bought the factory. It is not known how much he knew about porcelain manufacturing, but he relied on the well intentioned employees whom Christian Andreas Speck had left behind. In March , Vogt sold the porcelain factory to Gottfried Sorge for 17, Reichstaler, presumably due to a lack of specialised and qualified personnel. Sorge had paid much more for the porcelain factory than it was actually worth and as a result he soon was forced to register for bankruptcy. Gustav Vogt bought back the factory from Sorge, in order to sell it for 8, thalers to a Mr. Streitbarth. In Streitbarth and a Mr. H. Kästner formed an associated venture called Weimar. Together they improved the production routines but it was a time just before the bourgeois revolution, when the economic climate for such undertakings were far from favourable. In Streitbarth and Kästner temporarily shut down the factory before they sold Weimar Porzellan to the Fasolt Family.

The Fasolt & Eichler Period[edit]

The Fasolt family from Selb arrived in Blankenhain and began by modernising the company. In , after the death of Viktor Fasolt, his widow Elisabeth took over the business. In , she passed the management control to her sons, Max and Karl Fasolt. Elisabeth had maintained an ambiguous relationship with the porcelain entrepreneur Edward Eichler, who was also involved in the running of the factory from onwards. Some important events during this phase included: the new Saxon rhomb trademark was introduced; three large new furnaces for annealing and glost were built: and a new steam engine was purchased to operate the mill on the large factory floor. Other innovations and measures to modernise took place during this period, which was characterized by an ever-increasing degree of mechanisation of operations. An important element was the establishment of a railway line between Blankenhain and Weimar in ; this provided a major advantage for the factory, which by that time had already been producing mainly large quantities of porcelain goods. So in with transport costing less and production numbers steadily increasing, sons Max and Karl Fasolt took over the running of the company.

In the word "GERMANY" was added to the factory's rhomb trademark to reinforce the company's image as an exporter. During this time, the production numbers increased consistently and the factory became well renowned for producing excellent quality porcelain. The collaboration with Eichler proved to be a success and the increasing influence of the Dux Porcelain Manufacturer was also paying off. Technical experience, staff and models were exchanged and constraints on supply could be avoided. As one would expect, both businesses suffered a setback with the outbreak of World War I; exports dropped away and employees were called to the front line.

Takeover of the Factory by the Carstens Family[edit]

In , towards the end of World War I, Hamburg businessman Ernst Carstens acquired the porcelain factory in Blankenhain from Duxer Porzellanmanufaktur AG. As soon as he took over the operation, naming it: "E. Carstens KG", he added a crown and a laurel wreath to the company trademark in order to herald in a new era. Everything at that time was a challenge, raw materials and fuel were hard to obtain, the export markets had to be rebuilt, inflation was devastating and there were workers and 20 employees on the payroll. By stylistic innovation of the supplies and a price adjustment for the benefit of the customers, the Carstens family managed to revive the export markets. The name Carstens is connected with the introduction of the famous Weimar cobalt paintings on porcelain. As early as , cobalt porcelain was being produced in Blankenhain, which was probably due to the good contacts Carstens had with Bohemia. To this day this refinement of the white ceramic material is still regarded as a specialist skill. The precious festive cobalt blue gives the material a unique aura, especially when decorated with delicate ornaments in gold. To collectors the products of this period are often known Carstens China. Carstens followed the artistic trends of Art Nouveau and adjusted production to suit the customer's wishes. At that time, china from Weimar was known and appreciated for its style in England, Belgium, Finland, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, America and the Middle East.

In , the trademark was registered Weimar Porzellan. It's worth mentioning that around this time there were recurrent strikes in the history of Weimar Porzellan. Carstens led his company in quite a strict and rigid fashion in order to stay operational during the Great Depression and the workers were the ones who paid for extremely low but necessary export prices. The longest strike in lasted for three months. Eva Zeisel is a famous designer who worked for Carstens in the s. After the death of Carstens, his widow and two sons ran the factory until it was confiscated and nationalised by the Soviets in July , the year before the official establishment of East Germany.

The People's Own Business[edit]

As a state-owned enterprise, the company's aim was to build a highly efficient and modern production facility with resulting large investments in buildings, machinery and equipment. For example funding was made available for the following improvements: a new production hall (), a modern electro-cobalt furnaces () and the shift to conveyor belt-production in the spinning department (–65). Due to the integration with fine ceramics Kahla, Blankenhain lost its independence as a porcelain factory. Besides the benefits of belonging to a large conglomerate and collective, the artistic creativity suffered. The artistic style of production was adjusted mainly to serving the tastes of the eastern export markets which meant a return to classical forms and patterns in order not to lose the foreign currency from these markets.

The period After the Reunification[edit]

In , the Company Herbert Hillebrand Bauverwaltungs-Gesellschaft GmbH, based in Kerpen-Horrem, acquired the porcelain factory from the THA Erfurt and continued as "Weimar Porzellan GmbH ", being "the Hillebrand family company" until spring In April bankruptcy was filed and until June Weimar Porzellan was ran by a liquidator. In June the city of Blankenhain, together with British American Ltd. and Optima Immobilien GmbH bought shares from the bankrupt Weimar Porzellan. British American Ltd. and Optima Immobilien GmbH sold their shares during the years / to three leading company officers (the officers for finance, sales and production), who then held a 51% stake of the shares. The city of Blankenhain was still holding 49% of Weimar Porzellan. In Geschwister Hillebrand GmbH re-acquired Weimar Porzellan, with Kathrin Hillebrand and the 3 officers who were already in the executive board becoming the Managing Directors.

Sale to Könitz Porzellan GmbH[edit]

In January , Könitz Porzellan GmbH bought Weimar Porzellan. Managing Director and owner of the company today is Turpin Rosenthal, who represents the 6th generation of his family to be actively involved in the china industry.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weimar_Porzellan

Porcelain marks weimar

Maxim did not imagine that such a thing was possible in principle and did not even know how to approach this issue at all, preferring to be silent at all so. As not to inadvertently offend Irina. Is it possible. I dont know. No, i guess.

Porcelain exhibition Zwinger Palace Dresden Germany

Oooh. And he continued to descend, ironing the legs and knee-highs. The shoes were still on her. Without taking off either one or the other, he returned to the shorts, removing the girl's hands from the fly, unbuttoned it and dragged them down. - Get your ass up.

Now discussing:

Forever. She started with shoes. To remove them, it was necessary to undo the small clasps on the straps around her ankles. But it was not there - the locks did not give in.



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