A12z vs i7

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Apple A12Z Bionic vs Intel Core i7-10610U

Apple A12Z Bionic

Intel Core i7-10610U

vs

66 facts in comparison

Apple A12Z Bionic

Intel Core i7-10610U

Why is Apple A12Z Bionic better than Intel Core i7-10610U?

  • Has integrated LTE?
  • 7nm smaller semiconductor size?
    7nmvs14nm
  • Uses big.LITTLE technology?
  • Uses HMP?
  • Has TrustZone?

Why is Intel Core i7-10610U better than Apple A12Z Bionic?

  • Uses multithreading?
  • Has MMX?
  • Has AVX?
  • Has FMA3?
  • Has F16C?

General info

With integrated graphics you don’t need to buy a separate graphics card.

A 32-bit operating system can only support up to 4GB of RAM. 64-bit allows more than 4GB, giving increased performance. It also allows you to run 64-bit apps.

Small semiconductors provide better performance and reduced power consumption. Chipsets with a higher number of transistors, semiconductor components of electronic devices, offer more computational power. A small form factor allows more transistors to fit on a chip, therefore increasing its performance.

The graphics processing unit (GPU) has a higher clock speed.

DirectX is used in games, with newer versions supporting better graphics.

The fifth-generation wireless technology delivers higher speeds and lower latency than the previous, fourth-generation tech.

7.OpenGL ES version

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

OpenGL ES is used for games on mobile devices such as smartphones. Newer versions support better graphics.

8.GPU turbo

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

When the GPU is running below its limitations, it can boost to a higher clock speed in order to give increased performance.

9.OpenCL version

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

Some apps use OpenCL to apply the power of the graphics processing unit (GPU) for non-graphical computing. Newer versions introduce more functionality and better performance.

Performance

1.CPU speed

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

The CPU speed indicates how many processing cycles per second can be executed by a CPU, considering all of its cores (processing units). It is calculated by adding the clock rates of each core or, in the case of multi-core processors employing different microarchitectures, of each group of cores.

2.CPU threads

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

More threads result in faster performance and better multitasking.

Using big.LITTLE technology, a chip can switch between two sets of processor cores to maximize performance and battery life. For example, when playing a game the more powerful cores will be used to increase performance, whereas checking email will use the less powerful cores to maximize battery life.

Heterogeneous Multi-Processing (HMP) is a more advanced version of big.LITTLE technology. In this setup, a processor can utilize all cores at the same time, or just a single core for low-intensity tasks. This can provide powerful performance or increased battery life respectively.

When the CPU is running below its limitations, it can boost to a higher clock speed in order to give increased performance.

6.L2 cache

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

A larger L2 cache results in faster CPU and system-wide performance.

7.L1 cache

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

A larger L1 cache results in faster CPU and system-wide performance.

8.clock multiplier

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

The clock multiplier controls the speed of the CPU.

9.L3 cache

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

A larger L3 cache results in faster CPU and system-wide performance.

Memory

1.RAM speed

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

It can support faster memory, which will give quicker system performance.

This is the maximum rate that data can be read from or stored into memory.

More memory channels increases the speed of data transfer between the memory and the CPU.

The maximum amount of memory (RAM) supported.

5.eMMC version

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

A higher version of eMMC allows faster memory interfaces, having a positive effect on the performance of a device. For example, when transferring files from your computer to the internal storage over USB.

Error-correcting code memory can detect and correct data corruption. It is used when is it essential to avoid corruption, such as scientific computing or when running a server.

DDR (Double Data Rate) memory is the most common type of RAM. Newer versions of DDR memory support higher maximum speeds and are more energy-efficient.

Features

The system on a chip (SoC) has an integrated LTE cellular chip. LTE is capable of downloading at faster speeds than older, 3G technology.

2.download speed

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

The download speed is a measurement of the internet connection bandwidth, representing the maximum data transfer rate at which a device can access online content.

NX bit helps protect the computer from malicious attacks.

4.bits executed at a time

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

NEON provides acceleration for media processing, such as listening to MP3s.

5.Has AES

✔Apple A12Z Bionic

✔Intel Core i7-10610U

AES is used to speed up encryption and decryption.

A technology integrated into the processor to secure the device for use with features such as mobile payments and streaming video using digital rights management (DRM).

7.upload speed

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

The upload speed is a measurement of the internet connection bandwidth, representing the maximum data transfer rate at which a device can send information to a server or another device.

8.VFP version

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

Vector Floating-Point (VFP) is used by the processor to deliver increased performance in areas such as digital imaging.

Multithreading technology (such as Intel's Hyperthreading or AMD's Simultaneous Multithreading) provides increased performance by splitting each of the processor's physical cores into virtual cores, also known as threads. This way, each core can run two instruction streams at once.

Benchmarks

This benchmark measures the performance of the CPU using multiple threads.

This benchmark measures the performance of the CPU using a single thread.

3.Geekbench 5 result (single)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

Geekbench 5 is a cross-platform benchmark that measures a processor's single-core performance. (Source: Primate Labs, 2021)

4.Geekbench 5 result (multi)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Apple A12Z Bionic)

Unknown. Help us by suggesting a value. (Intel Core i7-10610U)

Geekbench 5 is a cross-platform benchmark that measures a processor's multi-core performance. (Source: Primate Labs, 2021)

This benchmark measures the performance of the CPU when it is overclocked.

Miscellaneous

1.Has MMX

✖Apple A12Z Bionic

✔Intel Core i7-10610U

MMX is used to speed up tasks such as adjusting the contrast of an image or adjusting volume.

2.Has AVX

✖Apple A12Z Bionic

✔Intel Core i7-10610U

AVX is used to help speed up calculations in multimedia, scientific and financial apps, as well as improving Linux RAID software performance.

The bus is responsible for transferring data between different components of a computer or device.

FMA3 is used to speed up tasks such as adjusting the contrast of an image or adjusting volume.

FMA4 is used to speed up tasks such as adjusting the contrast of an image or adjusting volume.

F16C is used to speed up tasks such as adjusting the contrast of an image or adjusting volume.

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Apple A12Z Bionic vs. Intel Core i7-1068NG7

Cinebench R23 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R23 is the successor of Cinebench R20 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.

Show all Cinebench R23 (Single-Core) results




Cinebench R23 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R23 is the successor of Cinebench R20 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.

Show all Cinebench R23 (Multi-Core) results




Cinebench R20 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R20 is the successor of Cinebench R15 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.

Show all Cinebench R20 (Single-Core) results




Cinebench R20 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R20 is the successor of Cinebench R15 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.

Show all Cinebench R20 (Multi-Core) results




Cinebench R15 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R15 is the successor of Cinebench 11.5 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.

Show all Cinebench R15 (Single-Core) results




Geekbench 5, 64bit (Single-Core)

Geekbench 5 is a cross plattform benchmark that heavily uses the systems memory. A fast memory will push the result a lot. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.

Show all Geekbench 5, 64bit (Single-Core) results




Geekbench 5, 64bit (Multi-Core)

Geekbench 5 is a cross plattform benchmark that heavily uses the systems memory. A fast memory will push the result a lot. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.

Show all Geekbench 5, 64bit (Multi-Core) results




iGPU - FP32 Performance (Single-precision GFLOPS)

The theoretical computing performance of the internal graphics unit of the processor with simple accuracy (32 bit) in GFLOPS. GFLOPS indicates how many billion floating point operations the iGPU can perform per second.

Show all iGPU - FP32 Performance (Single-precision GFLOPS) results




AnTuTu 8 benchmark

The AnTuTu 8 Benchmark measures the performance of a SoC. AnTuTu benchmarks the CPU, GPU, Memory as well as the UX (User Experience) by simulating browser and app usage. AnTuTu can benchmark any ARM CPU that runs under Android or iOS. Devices may not be directly compareable if the benchmark has been performed under different operating systems.

In the AnTuTu 8 benchmark, the single-core performance of a processor is only slightly weighted. The evaluation consists of the multi-core performance of the processor, the speed of the RAM and the performance of the internal graphics.

Show all AnTuTu 8 benchmark results




Popular comparisons containing this CPUs



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Apple A12Z Bionic vs Intel Core i7-9700K


Apple A12Z Bionic on Amazon USA
Intel Core i7-9700K on Amazon USA

Comparison of the technical characteristics between the processors, with the Apple A12Z Bionic on one side and the Intel Core i7-9700K on the other side. The first is dedicated to the tablet sector, It has 8 cores, 8 threads, a maximum frequency of 2.5GHz. The second is used on the desktop segment, it has a total of 8 cores, 8 threads, its turbo frequency is set to 4.9 GHz. The following table also compares the lithography, the number of transistors (if indicated), the amount of cache memory, the maximum RAM memory capacity, the type of memory accepted, the release date, the maximum number of PCIe lanes, the values ​​obtained in Geekbench 4 and Cinebench R15.


Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above.



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Specifications:


ProcessorApple A12Z BionicIntel Core i7-9700K
Market (main)TabletDesktop
ISAARMv8.3-A (64-bit)x86-64 (64 bit)
MicroarchitectureVortex, TempestCoffee Lake
Core nameVortex, TempestCoffee Lake-S
FamilyA seriesCore i7-9000
Part number(s), S-SpecA12Z BionicBX80684I79700K,
BXC80684I79700K,
CM8068403874212,
SRELT, QQPK
Release dateQ1 2020Q4 2018
Lithography7 nm EUV14 nm++
Transistors10,000,000,000-
Cores88
Threads88
Base frequency1.6 GHz3.6 GHz
Turbo frequency2.5 GHz4.9 GHz
Energy cores4x Apple Tempest @ 1.59 GHz-
High performance cores4x Apple Vortex @ 2.49 GHz-
Cache memory8 MB12 MB
Max memory capacity6 GB128 GB
Memory typesLPDDR4XDDR4-2666
Max # of memory channels42
Max memory bandwidth42.7 GB/s41.6 GB/s
TDP15 W95 W
Suggested PSU-600W ATX Power Supply
GPU integrated graphicsApple A12Z Bionic GPUIntel UHD Graphics 630 (Coffee Lake)
GPU execution units6423
GPU shading units512184
GPU base clock1,340 MHz350 MHz
GPU boost clock1,340 MHz1200 MHz
GPU FP32 floating point1,372.1 GFLOPS423.2 GFLOPS
SocketSoCLGA1151
Compatible motherboard-Socket LGA 1151 Motherboard 
Crypto engine-AES New Instructions, Secure Key
Security-Software Guard Extensions, Memory Protection
Extensions, OS Guard, Trusted Execution Technology,
Execute Disable Bit, Boot Guard
Max display resolution-4K60fps
Cinebench R23 single thread9801,273
Cinebench R23 multi-thread4,5289,419
(iOS | macOS)
Geekbench 5 single core
1,1181,254
(iOS | macOS)
Geekbench 5 multi-core
4,6367,725
Amazon
eBay


Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above.


We can better compare what are the technical differences between the two processors.

Suggested PSU: We assume that we have An ATX computer case, a high end graphics card, 16GB RAM, a 512GB SSD, a 1TB HDD hard drive, a Blu-Ray drive. We will have to rely on a more powerful power supply if we want to have several graphics cards, several monitors, more memory, etc.

Price: For technical reasons, we cannot currently display a price less than 24 hours, or a real-time price. This is why we prefer for the moment not to show a price. You should refer to the respective online stores for the latest price, as well as availability.

We see that the two processors have an equivalent number of cores, the turbo frequency of Intel Core i7-9700K is bigger, that the PDT of Apple A12Z Bionic is lower. The Apple A12Z Bionic was designed earlier.

Performances :


Performance comparison between the two processors, for this we consider the results generated on benchmark software such as Geekbench 4.




In single core, the difference is 30%. In multi-core, the difference in terms of gap is 108%.

Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above. These scores are only an
average of the performances got with these processors, you may get different results.


Cinebench R23 is cross-platform testing software that allows you to assess the hardware capabilities of a device such as a computer, tablet, server. This version of Cinebench takes into account recent developments in processors with multiple cores and the latest improvements in rendering techniques. The evaluation is ultimately even more relevant. The test scene contains no less than 2,000 objects and more than 300,000 polygons in total.




In single core, the difference is 12%. In multi-core, the difference in terms of gap is 67%.

Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above. These scores are only an
average of the performances got with these processors, you may get different results.


Geekbench 5 is a software for measuring the performance of a computer system, for fixed devices, mobile devices, servers. This platform makes it possible to better compare the power of the CPU, the computing power and to compare it with similar or totally different systems. Geekbench 5 includes new workloads that represent work tasks and applications that we can find in reality.


Equivalence:

Apple A12Z Bionic Intel equivalentApple A12Z Bionic AMD equivalentIntel Core i7-9700K AMD equivalent

See also:

Intel Core i7-9700Intel Core i7-9700EIntel Core i7-9700FIntel Core i7-9700KFIntel Core i7-9700T


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iPad Pro M1 vs iPad Pro 2020 Speed Test!

Many factors contribute to this, but, the majority are there because of the new A12Z bionic chip. Apple’s iPad Pro 2020 is the highest performing iPad in history. Intel Core i7-9700K vs Apple A12Z Bionic Comparison of the technical characteristics between the processors, with the Intel Core i7-9700K on one side and the Apple A12Z Bionic on the other side. A12Z Bionic versus A12X Bionic versus A13 Bionic. The A12Z Bionic chip with an 8-core graphics processor found on the 2020 iPad Pros promises to outpace most PC laptops available today in terms of speed. Apple A12Z Bionic vs Intel Core i7-7700HQ Comparison of the technical characteristics between the processors, with the Apple A12Z Bionic on one side and the Intel Core i7-7700HQ on the other side. A12Z Bionic chip with Neural Engine: 10th-gen Intel Core i3, Core i5, Core i7: Storage: 128GB to 1TB: 128GB/256GB/512GB/1TB SSD: Keyboard support: Magic Keyboard and Smart Keyboard Folio: The base Core i3 (10th Gen) clearly struggles against the 2020 iPad Pro’s A12Z Bionic processor, ... (Geekbench 5: iPad Pro with A12Z here vs Intel Core i7 1068NG7 here.) A12Z Bionic: A12Z Bionic: 1.1GHz dual-core Intel Core i3, configurable to 1.1GHz quad-core Intel Core i5 or 1.2GHz quad-core Intel Core i7 : 1.1GHz quad-core Intel Core i5, configurable to … The A12Z is a 7-nanometer chip vs the 10-nanometer manufacturing process of the 10th generation Intel Core i7 … Given the similarities in performance and the minor letter tweak in the A12Z vs. the A12X, it appears the new chip is a re-binned version of the A12X with an extra GPU core enabled. That’s slightly slower than the Coffee Lake Core i7-8850H chip (19752 points) which powers the 2018 MacBook Pro but faster than most Core i7 desktop chips released in the last few years. This new chip comes with an 8-core graphics processor unit. The first is dedicated to the tablet sector, It has 8 cores, 8 threads, a maximum frequency of 2.5GHz. Apple’s A12Z Bionic GPU Running macOS 11 Through Rosetta 2 Beats Both Ryzen 5 4500U, Core i7-1065G7 iGPUs in OpenCL Test Omar Sohail • Jul 2, 2020 10 A12Z Chip Features. A 15-inch MacBook Pro from 2017 featuring Intel’s Core i7 chip manages a multi-core score of 15731. MORE FOR YOU. For comparison, a Core i7-4770K scores around 15,000 points in Geekbench’s multi-core benchmark. The new SoC received an eight-cluster GPU (vs. … The first is dedicated to the desktop sector, It has 8 cores, 8 threads, a maximum frequency of 4.9GHz. The new iPad Pro features the A12Z Bionic, an upgrade from the A12X Bionic found on the 2018 iPad Pro. This presents an upgrade from the A12X chip, which featured a 7-code graphics processor unit. In Geekbench- Single-core- 1. For example, the A12Z will likely get compared to both the A13 Bionic chip and the A12X chip (found on the 2018 iPad Pro models). Let's compare A12X with a well matched processor like a desktop i5 8400. i9 9700K is a much higher, enthusiast processor. A12X- 5000 2. i5 8400- 4800 Multi-core- 1.

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I7 a12z vs

Apple A12Z Bionic vs Intel Core i7-8557U

Apple A12Z Bionic

► remove from comparison

The Apple A12Z Bionic is a System on a Chip (SoC) from Apple that is found in the iPad Pro 11 and 12.5-inch from 2020. It offers 8 cores divided in four performance cores and four power efficiency cores (up from the 6 cores in the A12 of the iPhone XS). The difference to the older Apple A12X Bionic in the iPad Pro 2018 models seems to be an additional GPU core. Regarding CPU Apple noted: "Enhanced thermal design means higher peak and longer sustained performance". More details were not published by Apple, so it may be even the same chip with an additional enabled GPU core. On the other hand, it could be also manufactured in an improved 7nm (EUV?) process and offer higher clock rates. As Apple states no performance improvements on the CPU side, we don't expect big gains. However, the A12X was a very fast ARM based SoC and currently there is no competitor in the Android space that should beat the performance.

The chip also includes the M12 Motion co-processor and a Neural Engine with 8 cores for up to 5 trillion operations per second (unverified, numbers from the A12X).

The Apple A12X included 10 billion transistors (A12 6.9 billion) and the A12Z should be therefore offer a similar amount. This makes it a quite big chip, especially compared to the Snapdragon 835 (3 Billion) or a Skylake desktop quad-core SoC (1.75 Billion).

Intel Core i7-8557U

► remove from comparison

The Intel Core i7-8557U is a quad-core SoC for notebooks based on the Coffee Lake architecture that was announced in the new entry level MacBook Pro 13 in mid 2019. Compared to its predecessor, the CPU is now a quad-core with Hyperthreading support for the execution of up to 8 threads simultaneously. The base frequency is only 1.7 GHz, but the Turbo goes all the way up to 4.5 GHz. It is also equipped with an Intel Iris Plus Graphics 645 GPU with 128 MB eDRAM, a dual-channel memory controller (DDR4) as well as VP9 and H.265 video decoding as well as encoding. The chip is still manufactured in a 14nm process with FinFET transistors.

Compared to slower Core i5 model with eDRAM and 15 Watts, the i5-8557U features 8 MB smart cache and the fastest clock of the Iris Plus GPU.

Architecture

Intel basically uses the same micro architecture compared to Kaby Lake, so the per-MHz performance does not differ. The manufacturer only reworked the Speed Shift technology for faster dynamic adjustments of voltages and clocks, and the improved 14nm process allows much higher frequencies combined with better efficiency than before.

Performance

Clocked at up to 4.5 GHz, the Core i7-8557U should offer an excellent single thread performance. The multi core performance is greatly improved due to the two additional cores (compared to the predecessor) but may be limited by the 15 Watt TDP (especially for sustained workloads).

Graphics

The integrated Intel Iris Plus 645 Graphics is the GT3e model of the Coffee Lake GPU (Intel Gen. 9.5). It has 48 Execution Units running at 300-1150 MHz  and the performance is comparable to a GeForce 930M or 940MX thanks to fast eDRAM cache. However, there aren't any significant improvements compared to the old Iris Plus 650, so modern games can often not be played smoothly or only at the lowest or medium settings, respectively.

Contrary to Skylake, Kaby lake now also supports H.265/HEVC Main 10 with a 10-bit color depth as well as Google's VP9 codec. The dual-core Kaby Lake processors announced in January should also support HDCP 2.2.

Power Consumption

The chip is manufactured in an improved 14nm++ process with FinFET transistors, which improves the efficiency even further. Intel specifies the TDP with 15 Watts and therefore suited for thin and light laptops.

show full text

Apple A12Z BionicIntel Core i7-8557U
Apple Apple A-SeriesIntel Coffee Lake
Vortex, TempestCoffee Lake-U
Series: Coffee Lake Coffee Lake-U
» Apple A12Z Bionic0 - 2.49 GHz8 / 8 Vortex, Tempest
Apple A12X Bioniccompare0 - 2.49 GHz8 / 8 Vortex, Tempest
<=2490 MHz1700 - 4500 MHz
2 MB256 KB
8 MB1 MB
8 / 84 / 8
10000
7 14
ARMv8 Instruction SetDual-Channel DDR4 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, AES-NI, Intel SSE4.1, Intel SSE 4.2
iGPUApple A12Z Bionic GPUIntel Iris Plus Graphics 645 (300 - 1150 MHz)
ArchitectureARMx86
8 MB
28
100 °C
FCBGA1528
Intel Coffee Lake i7-8557U

Benchmarks

min: 40279     avg: 40289     median: 40289 (42%)     max: 40299 Points

min: 1117     avg: 1122     median: 1122 (60%)     max: 1127

1079 (57%)

min: 4707     avg: 4710     median: 4709.5 (28%)     max: 4712

4119 (24%)

min: 645.9     avg: 646     median: 646.2 (1%)     max: 646.4 ms

125 ms (1%)

114 ms (1%)

min: 42372     avg: 42618     median: 42425 (61%)     max: 43057 Points

min: 140     avg: 158     median: 141 (45%)     max: 194 Points

min: 77253     avg: 77589     median: 77588.5 (65%)     max: 77924 Points

min: 74998     avg: 92841     median: 92841 (75%)     max: 110684 Points

min: 373781     avg: 375589     median: 375589 (69%)     max: 377397 Points

min: 185841     avg: 186014     median: 186014 (67%)     max: 186186 Points

min: 712218     avg: 732032     median: 732032 (71%)     max: 751846 Points

Average Benchmarks Apple A12Z Bionic → 100%n=2

Average Benchmarks Intel Core i7-8557U → 92%n=2

- Range of benchmark values for this graphics card
- Average benchmark values for this graphics card
* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

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iPad Pro M1 vs iPad Pro 2020 Speed Test!

So Just How Powerful Are Apple's New Laptop Chips Gonna Be

Apple CEO Tim Cook announces a big silicon shift during WWDC 2020. (June 22, 2020)

Apple officially confirmed in its WWDC keynote yesterday that, yes, it would be using its own processors in its laptops and desktops. Not a terribly surprising announcement considering the rumor mill had been churning for months prior to that, but it’s nice to have Apple formally acknowledge the existence of its A12Z Bionic computer processor. What Apple didn’t reveal, though, were specs. No core count. No clock frequency. No TDP. Just a few, quick demos of 4K videos running side-by-side and Shadow of the Tomb Raider running via Rosetta 2 on Apple’s next macOS, Big Sur. It all looked nice, but nothing pointed to how powerful Apple’s chips will actually be.

There have been rumors about its CPU possibly having 12 cores, eight which will handle performance-intensive tasks and four energy-efficient cores that will handle less intensive tasks, all on a 5nm process. Apple did confirm yesterday that its processor will be based on its A12Z that’s in 2020 iPads (a hybrid CPU that uses four performance cores and four power efficiency cores), so its reasonable to assume that its laptop/desktop chip will use hybrid-core technology, too. And since the A12Z is an ARM processor, that means Apple silicon will process information differently than Intel and AMD CPUs.

Basically, the A12Z is a Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC). Intel and AMD CPUs like those found in nearly all laptops and desktops available today, are both a Complex Instruction Set Computer (CISC). Some advantages that RISC processors have over CISCs are better power efficiency and faster performance with some tasks. However, RISCs require more RAM than CISCs to process information because they execute one instruction per clock cycle. They need more working memory to load each instruction since it executes one instruction at a time, otherwise the CPU could be bottlenecked. If you executed the same CISC instructions on a RISC-machine, it could take longer too; CISC was designed to process multiple instructions as efficiently as possible at once.

Image for article titled So Just How Powerful Are Apple&#39;s New Laptop Chips Gonna Be

But what does all that have to do with processor speed? Well, depending on what kind of program you’re running, Apple’s ARM A12Z processor could be faster or slower than Intel and AMD’s x86 processors simply because of the way it handles instructions.

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CPU Performance

Which is why I turned to Geekbench 5. It’s difficult to effectively gauge the performance of Apple’s processors as they’ve traditionally been built for iOS and iPadOS and the apps on those operating systems aren’t designed for the same tasks (or hardware) as those for macOS or Windows 10. But the A12Z found in the latest iPad is still the closest thing right now to getting an idea of how Apple silicon will perform against Intel and AMD in macOS. So while its performance might not even be on par with the A12Z intended for the Mac, we can get a rough idea of how well it will hold up against what’s in Macs and their competitors right now.

The form of the A12Z in the new iPad Pro scores 1114 in single core performance and 4654 in multicore performance. (You can search other results here.) And if you take a peek at the Geekbench 5 result for a 2020 MacBook Pro 13 model, which has a 4-core Intel Core i7-1068NG7 and 16 GB of RAM you’ll see the numbers aren’t too different. The MacBook Pro 13 scored a 1260 on the single core benchmark and a 4676 on the multi-core.

So in Geekbench 5, the A12Z performance is similar to the 10th-gen Intel CPU in both single core and multi-core. Not bad, though it appears to take four more cores for the A12Z to run in the same race with Intel. But remember, the A12Z is a hybrid CPU, so it’s likely that those scores are based on its four performance-dedicated cores, not all eight cores. At a glance, what these scores tell me is that Apple silicon could end up being a mighty processor, if the Mac version really does have those rumored 4 additional cores (bringing the total to 12 cores versus the current MacBook Pro’s 4).

The number of its performance-dedicated cores will need to at least match what Intel and AMD have if it really wants to compete. Take for example the Acer’s Predator Triton 500 laptop with an Intel Core i7-10785H. That is one of Intel’s performance mobile processors and it has six cores. On the single core scale it scores 100 points higher than the iPad (1223) and on multi-core it scores close to 2000 higher (6408). This is likely because Intel can take advantage of all six cores running at the highest clock speeds possible, while the iPad’s A12Z only has those four cores dedicated to performance. That means current A12Z processors found in the iPad would struggle compared to the 16-inch MacBook Pro being sold right now, which shares the same processor as the Predator Triton 500. More cores will be absolutely necessary to compete with and surpass Intel’s best performing mobile processors. They appear to be decently matched in single core and multi-core speeds (when applicable).

Yet I don’t foresee it taking away the multi-core processing crown from AMD on either the laptop or desktop front. AMD is a beast when it comes to putting out multi-core performance. Here’s Geekbench 5 results for my personal rig (which I built in early 2019) with a last-gen AMD Ryzen 7 2700X, GTX 1080 Ti, and 16 GB DDR4 RAM, running Windows 10 version 1903:

  • Single core: 1064
  • Multi-core: 6971

The Ryzen 7 2700X is an 8-core CPU too, and like Intel can take advantage of all eight cores running at the highest clock speeds possible, whereas the A12Z can’t. But according to these numbers, Apple could be on par or slightly outperform AMD on single core performance.

But that’s a much older desktop CPU. Now let’s look at the A12Z compared to a newer mobile CPU from AMD. Here’s some more results for the Asus ROG Zephyrus G14 with an AMD Ryzen 9 4900HS, an 8-core mobile processor:

  • Single core: 1104
  • Multi-core: 6226

And why not compare it to AMD’s latest budget desktop CPU too. These are the numbers for AMD’s Ryzen 3 3100 4-core budget-desktop CPU:

  • Single core: 1085
  • Multi-core: 4723

Again, AMD holds the multi-core title, however the iPad’s A12Z has slightly better single core performance than the Ryzen 3 3100 and the Ryzen 9 4900HS. Compared to current Mac products available, like the the MacBook Pro 13, the A12Z appears just as fast in single core and multi-core processing as Intel and AMD’s low to mid-range options. If it manages to scale performance in the multi-core space it could, theoretically, compete for AMD’s multi-core crown. But scaling cores that way can be difficult so Apple will absolutely have a challenge ahead to both scale performance in the hardware and take advantage of that increase core count in the software.

GPU Performance

Now let’s consider GPU performance—Apple gave us a reasonable glimpse of it during the keynote with its Shadow of the Tomb Raider demo. However Apple didn’t go into many details on how it set up its demo device. We know the game was playing back via Rosetta 2 emulation and was playing at a resolution of 1080p. It appears to have been playing back at 30 frames per second or better and with a graphic settings somewhere in the medium-high range. That would put it right up against the performance of Nvidia’s GTX 1050—if Apple’s demo was actually running from an integrated GPU and not a dedicated GPU, but we’re going to assume it was an integrated GPU.

For an integrated GPU, that kind of performance is crazy. Even the best APU on the market, AMD’s Vega 11, can’t pull off that kind of performance. According to Tom’s Hardware, current Ryzen APUs with Vega 11 graphics are about 2.5 times faster than Intel’s UHD Graphics 630. Looking at Shadow of the Tomb Raider specifically, Tom’s shows that the GTX 1050 is 74% faster than the Vega 11 and 150% faster than UHD 630 (at 720p). The Vega 11 manages an average of 50 fps, so that would not only mean that the game is playing at more than 30 fps during Apple’s demo, but it would also mean Apple would have the fastest integrated GPU on the market.

But without knowing all the game’s settings, it’s hard to say for sure. If Apple silicon can pull off the kind of CPU and GPU performance suggested by the iPad’s current performance and Apple’s very carefully selected demo than it could certainly surpass what Intel and AMD are shipping right now. Which would also explain the rumors that its planning to put the new A12Z in its MacBook Pro first. This is the kind of magic it needs if it hopes to scale its chip across all its laptop and desktops in the coming years and replace Intel not just on laptops, but on those Xeon-based Mac Pro’s as well.

The performance really could be as incredible as Apple claims. But we won’t know for sure until we can put this new processor through its paces in a macOS environment. So while we have a basic idea of just how fast Apple’s switch to ARM could make the Mac, we won’t know more until later this year.

TechApple

Sours: https://gizmodo.com/so-just-how-powerful-are-apples-new-laptop-chips-gonna-1844134011

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