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Stargate SG-1

Canadian-American science fiction television series (1997–2007)

"SG1" redirects here. For other uses, see SG1 (disambiguation).

For the cancelled video game, see Stargate SG-1: The Alliance.

Stargate SG-1 (often stylized in all caps, or abbreviated SG-1) is a Canadian-American military science fictionadventure television series and part of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's Stargate franchise. The show, created by Brad Wright and Jonathan Glassner, is based on the 1994 science fiction film Stargate by Dean Devlin and Roland Emmerich. The television series was filmed in and around the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The series premiered on Showtime on July 27, 1997 and moved to the Sci Fi Channel on June 7, 2002; the final episode first aired on Sky1 on March 13, 2007.

The story of Stargate SG-1 begins about a year after the events of the feature film when the United States government learns that an ancient alien device called the Stargate can access a network of such devices on a multitude of planets and in space. SG-1 is an elite United States Air Force special operations team, one of about 20 teams from Earth who explore the galaxy and defend against alien threats such as the Goa'uld, the Replicators and the Ori. The series draws upon Egyptian, Greek and Norse mythology, as well as the legend of King Arthur.

The series was a ratings success for its first-run broadcasters and in syndication, and was particularly popular in Europe and Australia. Stargate SG-1 was honored with numerous awards and award nominations in its ten-season run. It also spawned the animated television series Stargate Infinity, the live-action spin-off TV series Stargate Atlantis, Stargate Universe, and Stargate Origins and the direct-to-DVD films Stargate: The Ark of Truth and Stargate: Continuum. Merchandise for Stargate SG-1 includes games and toys, print media and an original audio series.

Series overview[edit]

Main articles: List of Stargate SG-1 episodes and Mythology of Stargate

The plot of Stargate SG-1 picks up a year after the conclusion of the events recounted in the original feature film. It follows the present-day adventures of SG-1, a military team from Earth. SG-1 and a dozen other SG teams venture to distant planets using an alien portal known as a Stargate, which in the series is housed in a top-secret United States Air Force military base known as Stargate Command (SGC) in the underground Cheyenne Mountain Complex in Colorado Springs, Colorado. In the first eight seasons, the mission of the SG teams is to explore the galaxy and search for alien technology and allies to defend Earth against the Goa'uld, a snake-like parasitic alien race from planet P3X-888 that takes humans as unwilling hosts. As explained in the series' backstory, the Goa'uld had transported human slaves from Earth to other habitable planets across the galaxy thousands of years ago and now pose as gods of old Earth mythologies, particularly Ancient Egypt. SG-1 eventually learns that highly evolved human-like beings, known as the Ancients, had originally built the Stargate network millions of years earlier, before ascending to a higher plane of existence, after which they pledged not to interfere in the lives of other species. The Ori, a faction of the same race as the Ancients who instead use their powers to subjugate other species by religious indoctrination, assume the role of the main antagonists in Season 9 and Season 10.

Goa'uld Arc[edit]

Main article: Goa'uld

The pilot episode ("Children of the Gods"), set one year after the events of the original feature film, introduces the Goa'uld System LordApophis (Peter Williams) as the main villain when he attacks Earth's mothballed SGC military base through the Stargate and kidnaps an airman. The SGC is brought back into action when the Stargate is revealed to be part of an interplanetary network connecting countless planets. SG teams are created to help defend Earth against the Goa'uld, who have interstellar pyramid warships and vast armies of Jaffa (hereditary slaves and human incubators to the Goa'uld) at their disposal. Earth's flagship team SG-1, which includes Apophis's defected First Prime (lead Jaffa soldier) Teal'c, initiates several alliances with other cultures in the galaxy, such as the Goa'uld-like but truly symbiotic Tok'ra, the advanced human Tollan, the pacifist Nox, the benevolent Roswell-alien Asgard and remnants of the powerful Ancients. Another alien threat arises in the Season 3 finale ("Nemesis") in the form of sentient machines called Replicators. Meanwhile, rogue agents of a shadowy intelligence agency on Earth, the NID, repeatedly attempt to take control of the Stargate and other alien technology. Despite Apophis's death in the beginning of Season 5, the Goa'uld Empire remains a major foe in Stargate SG-1 until the end of Season 8. The only influential Goa'uld in the last two seasons of Stargate SG-1 is the System Lord Ba'al (Cliff Simon), who is defeated in the direct-to-DVD film Stargate: Continuum.

Anubis Arc[edit]

Main article: Anubis (Stargate)

After Apophis's defeat in the Season 5 premiere ("Enemies"), the half-Ascended Goa'uld System Lord Anubis (David Palffy) assumes the role of the primary antagonist of the show. This new villain possesses much of the knowledge of the Ancients and their technology. While Earth builds its first interstellar spaceship (the Prometheus) in seasons Season 6 and Season 7, Anubis creates an army of almost invincible Kull Warriors and wipes out or subordinates most of his adversaries amongst the System Lords. In the Season 7 finale ("Lost City"), SG-1 discovers a powerful weapon in an Ancient outpost in Antarctica that annihilates Anubis's entire fleet and also sets the stage for the spin-off series Stargate Atlantis. Ba'al subsumes much of Anubis's power in Season 8, while Anubis, who survived the destruction of his fleet in a disembodied form, quietly begins to re-assert his influence. Human-form Replicators begin to conquer the System Lords, but SG-1 finds and adjusts an Ancient weapon to destroy all Replicators throughout the galaxy. Near the end of Season 8 ("Threads"), it is revealed that the benevolent Ascended being Oma Desala (Mel Harris) is responsible for Anubis's original ascension. When she engages Anubis in an eternal stalemated battle on the Ascended plane to prevent his acting on the mortal plane, the Replicators and most System Lords have already been annihilated and the Jaffa win their freedom from Goa'uld rule.

Ori Arc[edit]

Main article: Ori (Stargate)

The original SG-1 team disbands after the events of Season 8, but slowly reunites under new team leader Lt Col. Cameron Mitchell after the SGC inadvertently draws the attention of the Ori to the existence of sentient life in the Milky Way; the Ori are revealed to be a faction of ascended Ancients residing in another galaxy that are diametrically opposed to the Ancients' belief in strict noninterference in the lower planes of existence, sapping the energy from untold billions of "lower beings" (non-ascended sentient beings) by means of their worship in a religion called Origin. While the Ori send enhanced human beings named Priors to the Milky Way to convert the galaxy to Origin, Ba'al and some minor Goa'uld infiltrate Earth through The Trust (a coalition of rogue NID operatives) to rebuild their power. At the end of Season 9 ("Camelot (Part 1)"), the Ori begin an evangelistic crusade with their warships and effortlessly wipe out the combined fleet of Earth and its allies. The leader of the Ori, Adria (Morena Baccarin), is introduced in the premiere of Season 10 ("Flesh and Blood (Part 2)"). SG-1 searches for the Sangraal, an Ancient weapon that might defeat the Ori, while Ba'al and his clones attempt to find the weapon for their own purposes. With the help of the powerful Ancient Merlin (Matthew Walker), SG-1 finds the construction plans of the Sangraal and sends a working version to the Ori galaxy. Shortly thereafter, Adria ascends. The direct-to-DVD film Stargate: The Ark of Truth ends the Ori Arc.

Main cast and characters[edit]

Main article: List of Stargate SG-1 characters

  • Richard Dean Anderson as Jonathan "Jack" O'Neill (Seasons 1–8 main, Seasons 9–10 guest)  – A United States Air Force Colonel and an Air Force Special Operations veteran who led the original mission through the Stargate in Stargate (where he was played by Kurt Russell). He is coaxed out of retirement in the pilot episode and serves as the leader of the SG-1 team in the first seven seasons. He takes charge of Stargate Command (SGC) after his promotion to brigadier general at the beginning of Season 8. The series repeatedly alludes to romantic feelings between O'Neill and his second-in-command, Carter, but the relationship is never shown as consummated outside alternate reality scenarios. O'Neill is reassigned to Washington, D.C. before Season 9 and receives a promotion to major general. He appears in a recurring role in Seasons 9 and 10 of Stargate SG-1, as well as in Stargate: Continuum and in Seasons 1 and 3 of Stargate Atlantis. O'Neill appears as a lieutenant general in multiple episodes of Stargate Universe where he is in command of the Department of Homeworld Security.
  • Michael Shanks as Daniel Jackson (Seasons 1–5 and 7–10 main, Season 6 recurring)  – A brilliant Egyptologist whose far-fetched theories about Egyptian pyramids having been built by aliens led to his participation in the original Stargate mission in the feature film (where he was played by James Spader). He joins the SG-1 team to facilitate his search for his wife, who was kidnapped by Apophis in the pilot episode, but his naïveté and curiosity regularly create obstacles for the team.[2] He gradually evolves from being an archaeologist and translator, into the moral conscience for the team,[3] and remains part of SG-1 until he ascends to a higher plane of existence at the end of Season 5. Following his forced de-ascension at the beginning of Season 7, he rejoins SG-1 for the remainder of the series. The last three seasons show his flirty, yet antagonistic relationship with Vala Mal Doran.[2] Daniel also appears in both direct-to-DVD films, in Seasons 1 and 5 of Stargate Atlantis and in three Stargate Universe episodes.
  • Amanda Tapping as Samantha "Sam" Carter (Seasons 1–10 main)  – A brilliant young astrophysicist[4] and United States Air Force Captain who joins SG-1 under the command of Col. O'Neill in the pilot episode. Following her promotion to Major in Season 3, she is promoted to lieutenant colonel early in Season 8 and assumes command of SG-1. Carter assists Lieutenant Colonel Cameron Mitchell in Seasons 9 and 10. After her appearance in Stargate: The Ark of Truth, she is promoted to Colonel and becomes the new commander of the Atlantis expedition in Season 4 of Stargate Atlantis, before joining SG-1 again for Stargate: Continuum. Carter appears in a recurring role in all seasons of Stargate Atlantis (and as a regular in Season 4) and in the first episode of Stargate Universe as commander of the starship George Hammond.
  • Christopher Judge as Teal'c (Seasons 1–10 main)  – A quiet and strong Jaffa alien who defects from his position as the First Prime of the Goa'uldApophis. He joins SG-1 after the first episode, in hopes of leading his race to freedom. Despite achieving this goal at the end of Season 8, he remains a member of SG-1 until the end of the series. He also appears in both direct-to-DVD films and in Season 4 of Stargate Atlantis as a mentor for Ronon Dex during an interview for the IOA.
  • Don S. Davis as George Hammond (Seasons 1–7 main, Seasons 8–10 recurring)  – A United States Air Force Major General (later Lieutenant General) who commands Stargate Command in the first seven seasons. Besides recurring in Seasons 8 through 10 of Stargate SG-1, he appears in Season 1 of Stargate Atlantis. Davis died from a heart attack in June 2008, making his appearance in Stargate: Continuum his last.[5]
  • Corin Nemec as Jonas Quinn (Season 6 main, Seasons 5 and 7 recurring)  – A humanoid alien and scientist from the country of Kelowna on the planet Langara. Daniel sacrifices his life (leading to his ascension) at the end of Season 5 in an attempt to save Kelowna, but the following gleeful reaction of the Kelownan leaders causes Jonas to turn his back on Langara. Jonas is a fast learner and fills Daniel's empty spot on SG-1 in Season 6. Following Daniel's return, Jonas returns to his planet and remains a recurring character in Season 7.
  • Ben Browder as Cameron "Cam" Mitchell (Seasons 9–10 main)  – A United States Air Force lieutenant colonel who is assigned as the new commanding officer of SG-1 at the beginning of Season 9. He struggles to reunite its former members under his command and commands SG-1 (with Lieutenant Colonel Carter's assistance) until the end of Season 10. He is promoted to colonel between his appearances in Stargate: The Ark of Truth and Stargate: Continuum.
  • Beau Bridges as Henry "Hank" Landry (Seasons 9–10 main)  – A United States Air Force Major General and the commander of Stargate Command in Seasons 9 and 10. He is the estranged father of the SGC's medical officer Carolyn Lam and appears in both direct-to-DVD films and in Seasons 2 and 3 of Stargate Atlantis. In Season 10, Episode 13 Hank Landry was President Of The United States, as well as Major General Hank Landry.
  • Claudia Black as Vala Mal Doran (Season 10 main, Seasons 8–9 recurring)  – A con artist from an unnamed planet and a former human host to the Goa'uld Qetesh. Her first appearance in Season 8's "Prometheus Unbound" is the beginning of her flirty yet antagonistic relationship with Daniel.[2] In her recurring role in Season 9, she and Daniel unintentionally set off the new Ori threat. She is unwillingly impregnated by the Ori, gives birth to Adria and watches helplessly as Adria grows to adulthood in a few days time. She joins SG-1 after giving birth to the new leader of the Ori at the beginning of Season 10 and appears in both direct-to-DVD films.


See also: List of Stargate SG-1 episodes


Brad Wright created Stargate SG-1with Jonathan Glassner.

Main articles: Children of the Gods and Stargate SG-1 (season 1)

Brad Wright and Jonathan Glassner had worked together on the MGM television series The Outer Limits since 1995. Upon hearing of MGM's plan to create a television spin-off series of the feature film Stargate, Wright and Glassner independently and unbeknownst to each other approached MGM and proposed their concept for the television series. MGM president John Symes greenlit the project on the condition that Wright and Glassner work together as executive producers of the new show.[3] The show was named Stargate SG-1 after Wright flightily agreed to Symes's pitch question of whether the team should be called "SG-1". MGM released posters titled Stargate SG-1 within the next week without the knowledge of Wright or Glassner.[6]

John Symes approached Michael Greenburg and Richard Dean Anderson, former star of the long-running MacGyver.[3] Anderson agreed to become involved if his character Jack O'Neill were allowed more comedic leeway than Kurt Russell's character in the feature film. He also requested that Stargate SG-1 be an ensemble show, so that he would not be carrying most of the plot alone as he had on MacGyver.[7] The American subscription channel Showtime made a two-season commitment for 44 episodes in 1996.[3] Principal photography began in Vancouver in February 1997.[8]

Casting and cast changes[edit]

After Anderson accepted the part, Brad Wright and Jonathan Glassner reviewed several thousand taped auditions and invited approximately 25 promising actors to screen tests in Los Angeles.[9] Michael Shanks, Amanda Tapping and Christopher Judge are said to have gravitated towards each other during the casting process before they knew that they would ultimately be cast.[10] The producers found Judge the easiest to cast due to his muscular presence.[3] Shanks was cast because he did "the perfect imitation of James Spader", according to Wright.[3] The producers knew Don S. Davis from his work as a stand-in and stunt-double for Dana Elcar in MacGyver and approached him to read for the role of George Hammond.[11][12]

Showtime's announcement that it would not renew Stargate SG-1 after Season 5 coincided with Michael Shanks's decision to leave the show over concerns of being underutilized.[13] The Sci Fi Channel picked up the show[14] and substituted a new character, played by Corin Nemec. Casting agents had met Nemec in the courtyard of MGM's Santa Monica offices by chance and had offered him the role of Jonas Quinn.[15] Addressing rumors that it had forced Shanks's departure, Sci Fi said in February 2002 that the network had "absolutely never requested that any cast changes be made... and although we regret the loss of Michael Shanks, we think that Corin Nemec will be a great new presence in the cast."[16] Nemec's early appearances, beginning with the penultimate episode of Season 5 "Meridian", failed to win over some of the show's fans.[13] Nemec was willing to continue playing the character after Season 6 or in a feature film or a spin-off series.[15] However, the producers reached an agreement with Shanks to return full-time in Season 7, leaving Nemec with a recurring role.[17] Don S. Davis left Stargate SG-1 after Season 7 for health reasons,[18] but appeared in a recurring capacity until his death on June 29, 2008.

Due to prior engagements, Claudia Black of Farscape fame could not accept the offers to guest-star on Stargate SG-1 until the Season 8 episode "Prometheus Unbound".[19] The producers liked the on-screen chemistry between Black's Vala Mal Doran and Shanks's Daniel so much that they re-introduced her in a six-episode story Arc to cover for the maternity leave of Amanda Tapping at the beginning of Season 9.[20] At the same time, Richard Dean Anderson left the show to spend more time with his daughter (his schedule had been reduced incrementally since Season 6).[21] The role of the leading man was filled with Ben Browder (also of Farscape fame), who had met with the Stargate producers as soon as the introduction of new main characters for Season 9 was discussed.[22] The producers had met him during sci-fi conventions and had previously discussed casting him in other Stargate roles.[23] The producers approached Emmy Award-winning actor Beau Bridges directly to play the role of Hank Landry.[24] Claudia Black's guest appearances were so popular with the cast, crew and audience[20][25] that the actress returned for the last two Season 9 episodes (with her pregnancy worked into the plot) and she joined the cast full-time in Season 10.


Robert C. Cooper became SG-1's show runner in Season 7.

Most of the producers, crew members and guest actors involved in Stargate SG-1 were Canadian.[26] Creators Brad Wright and Jonathan Glassner were executive producers and show runners of Stargate SG-1 in the first three seasons, having the final say (besides MGM and the network) on stories, designs, effects, casting, editing and episode budgets.[27] After Glassner's departure, Wright ran Stargate SG-1 alone for three seasons. Executive producer Robert C. Cooper took over as show-runner in Season 7 when Brad Wright took time off to develop the spin-off series Stargate Atlantis.[28] Cooper and Wright remained show-runners of their respective shows until the end of SG-1.[29] Also serving as executive and co-executive producers were Michael Greenburg and Richard Dean Anderson (Seasons 1–8), N. John Smith (Seasons 4–10) and the writer team Joseph Mallozzi & Paul Mullie (Seasons 7–10).

Although Stargate SG-1 employed freelance writers, most of the 214 Stargate SG-1 episodes were written by Brad Wright (Seasons 1–10), Jonathan Glassner (Seasons 1–3), Katharyn Powers (Seasons 1–6), Robert C. Cooper (Seasons 1–10), Peter DeLuise (Seasons 4–8), Joseph Mallozzi & Paul Mullie (Seasons 4–10), Damian Kindler (Seasons 6–10) and Alan McCullough (Seasons 9–10). Martin Wood and Peter DeLuise directed the most episodes, with 46 episodes (Seasons 1–10) and 57 episodes (Seasons 2–10), respectively. Wood and DeLuise regularly made cameo appearances in their episodes and notably played the show-within-a-show directors in the cameo-heavy milestone episodes "Wormhole X-Treme!" and "200". Andy Mikita had been an assistant director since the pilot episode and directed 29 episodes from Season 3–10. SG-1 director of photography Peter Woeste and camera operator William Waring directed 13 episodes each. Most staff writers and staff directors held producer positions. Several cast members also contributed story ideas and directed SG-1 episodes.


Stargate SG-1 was filmed in and around Vancouver, British Columbia, mainly at The Bridge Studios and NORCO Studios,[30][31] which offered Stargate SG-1 tax breaks throughout its run.[26] The cost of an SG-1 episode increased from US$1.3 million[32] in the first seasons to an estimated US$2 million per episode in Season 10, partly due to unfavorable exchange rates.[26][33] Many Vancouver area landmarks were incorporated into the episodes, such as the campus of Simon Fraser University, which became the setting of the capital of the Tollan, an alien civilization.[34] Production faced many weather problems because of the moderate oceanic climate of Vancouver, although rain could be eliminated from film. The Season 3 episode "Crystal Skull" was the first episode to be filmed on a virtual set.[30]

The main setting of Stargate SG-1, the fictional Stargate Command (SGC) at the (real) Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station near Colorado Springs, Colorado, was filmed at stage 5 of The Bridge Studios.[31] Martin Wood filmed half a dozen stock shots of the real Cheyenne Mountain complex for use in the series approximately ten days before the premiere of the pilot episode. Although these shots wore out over the years, the producers did not film new shots until the beginning of Season 9, thinking that Stargate SG-1 would be cancelled after each current year.[35][36] By then, visitor questions and fan theories about the existence of a Stargate at the real Cheyenne Mountain complex had become so common that Cheyenne Mountain had installed a seemingly high-security door labeled "Stargate Command" for one of their storage rooms holding brooms and detergent.[37]

The first seven seasons had 22 episodes each, which was reduced to 20 episodes for the last three seasons. Episodes of the first seasons were filmed over a period of 7.5 working days, which decreased to a targeted average of six working days in the last seasons.[38] All episodes were filmed in 16:9 wide-screen, although Stargate SG-1 was broadcast in 4:3 aspect ratio in its first years.[39] The transition to the broadcast of episodes in the wider 16:9 ratio gave directors more freedom in frame composition.[40] The first three seasons of Stargate SG-1 were filmed on 16 mm film, notwithstanding scenes involving visual effects that had always been shot on 35 mm film for various technical reasons. After a test run with the Season 3 finale, "Nemesis", Stargate SG-1 switched to 35 mm film for all purposes at the beginning of Season 4.[41] Digital HD cameras were used for filming beginning with Season 8.[38]

Production design[edit]

See also: Stargate (device)

The art department generated all of the concepts and drawing for the prop department, the set decoration department, the construction department, the paint department and the model shop. They also collaborated with the visual effects department.[30]Stargate SG-1 employed about 200 Canadian union workers, although that number could exceed 300 when new sets were built.[26] Lead production designer Richard Hudolin joined the project in October 1996. Bridget McGuire, SG-1's art director since the pilot episode, took over as lead production designer in Season 6.[8][42]

Hudolin flew to Los Angeles in 1996 to gather material from the feature film as reference and found the original Stargate prop stored outside in the Californian desert. Although the prop had severely deteriorated, he was able to take a detailed mold for Stargate SG-1 production to build its own prop. The new Stargate was engineered to turn, to lock the chevrons and to be computer-controlled to dial specific gate addresses. A portable Stargate prop was built for on-location shoots and required six workers and one full day to set up.[3][8] Since visual effects are sometimes faster and cheaper,[8] a computer-generated Stargate was occasionally used in on-location shoots in later seasons.[43]

The SGC set had to be twice as high for shooting as the 22-foot-tall (6.7 m) Stargate prop,[9] but one of Hudolin's original plans of a three-level set was rejected in favor of a two-level set.[8] The gateroom was the biggest room on set and could be redesigned for other scenes.[43] Two multi-purpose rooms were frequently redecorated into the infirmary, Daniel's lab, the cafeteria or the gym.[8][44] The SGC set and all other sets from the pilot episode were constructed within six weeks in January and February 1997, incorporating some original set pieces from the feature film.[8] The SGC set would be largely dismantled in late 2008 to make room for the Icarus Base set of Stargate Universe.[45]

Make-up and costumes[edit]

Most of the main SG-1 characters are US airmen and wear authentic United States Air Force uniforms. During missions, the members of the SG-1 team normally wear olive green Battle Dress Uniforms.[46] Richard Dean Anderson and Don S. Davis received a regular military-style haircut on set.[47][48] Amanda Tapping had her hair comparably short until the filming of the direct-to-DVD films. Playing a civilian, Michael Shanks adopted James Spader's hairstyle from the feature film but cut it short for the Season 2 finale and subsequent seasons. The Jaffa alien Teal'c (Christopher Judge) was the only main character whose look required more than basic make-up. His Egyptian look was reflective of the Goa'uld Ra from the feature film and was complemented with a forehead symbol and a gold skin tone, although his make-up process was simplified over the years.[49] Judge shaved his head at home each day until the producers allowed him to let his hair grow in Season 8.[47] As a trained nurse, key make-up artist Jan Newman could make burns, cuts, bruises and the SG-1 team's other wounds look authentic.[49]

For the look of aliens, the make-up department collaborated with prosthetics companies from Vancouver and Los Angeles, including Todd Masters. While the human origins of many alien races and human civilizations were left recognizable, the recurring characters who were members of the Unas race required elaborate prosthetics and make-up work.[49] To convey the cultural origins of the various fictional human civilizations living on different planets after their displacement from Earth, the costume designers combined elements of their respective Earth cultures with modern fabrics, elaborate trims and chains to produce a historically rooted yet otherworldly appearance.[50] The look of the Goa'uld such as Apophis was initially based on the look of Ra in the feature film.[49] For the design of the Ori and the Priors in Season 9, the art department looked at Japanese and Samurai garments for costume design. Art director James Robbins found the face painting, scarification and burns of remote jungle tribes mystical and these served as inspiration for the face scarification of the Priors and the Doci. Early ideas to include finger extensions and scarification on these characters' hands were discarded as impracticable.[51]

Visual effects[edit]

Stargate SG-1 was one of the biggest employers in the Vancouver visual effects market,[52] spending $400,000 per episode.[53] The largest role was played by Rainmaker Digital Effects,[52] whose senior digital compositing artist, Bruce Woloshyn, worked approximately 10 months a year in close collaboration with SG-1's visual effects supervisor/producer James Tichenor and visual effects supervisor Michelle Comens.[54] Many companies were hired to create the Stargate's water-like event horizon in the beginning, but Rainmaker eventually became the only company to create those visual effects.[39] Rainmaker's regular effects shots included the activation and use of the Stargate itself (with well over 300 event horizon shots in the first few years), the transport rings and the blast shots of the staff weapons and zat guns. They created the visual effects for Goa'uld cargo ships and death gliders on a less regular basis.[54]

Lost Boys Studios provided visual effects for SG-1 from the very beginning of the series up to the end of Season 5,[55] and Image Engine worked on the show from Season 2. Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis were responsible for an estimated 30% to 40% of the business of Atmosphere Visual Effects.[52] James Tichenor considered the few episodes with big visual effects budgets the most likely works to contain visual cues that would impress award judges.[56]Stargate SG-1 helped win the local post production shops industry recognition, with Season 4's "Small Victories", Season 5's "Revelations" and Season 7's "Lost City" receiving the most visual effects awards and nominations (see List of awards and nominations received by Stargate SG-1).


According to composer Joel Goldsmith, Stargate SG-1 had a traditional action-adventure score, "with a sci-fi, fantasy flair" that goes "from comedy to drama to wondrous to suspense to heavy action to ethereal".[57] Brad Wright and Jonathan Glassner had known Goldsmith since the second season of The Outer Limits before they approached him to work on the pilot episode of Stargate SG-1. Goldsmith and David Arnold, the composer of the original feature film score, discussed themes for a television adaptation. The main titles of Stargate SG-1 were a medley of several themes from the feature film, although Goldsmith also wrote a unique end title for SG-1 to establish the show as its own entity.[58] MGM eventually insisted on using Arnold's score in the pilot episode instead of Goldsmith's, but Brad Wright's 2009 direct-to-DVD recut of Children of the Gods uses Goldsmith's original score.[59]

For each episode's score, Goldsmith simulated a real orchestra with a synthesizer palette of an eighty-piece symphony orchestra for budgetary reasons,[58] although he occasionally used two or three musicians for added orchestral authenticity.[60] Goldsmith's long-time assistant Neal Acree started composing additional music for Stargate SG-1 in Season 8.[61] The amount of composed music varied between 12 and 33 minutes out of a 44-minute episode, with an average of around 22 to 26 minutes,[61] making the full symphonic score of SG-1 more time-consuming to create than for general TV shows.[58] Since Goldsmith lived a thousand miles away from Vancouver, he and the producers discussed ideas over the phone[60] and exchanged tapes via Federal Express for several years until the show switched to Internet file transfers.[62]

Goldsmith's reliance on Arnold's score decreased over the seasons when Stargate SG-1 departed from the Goa'uld theme and introduced new characters and races. Goldsmith had a thematic approach to races and spaceships.[58] For example, he wanted a mechanical, repetitive musical motif for the Replicators;[62] Gothic, Gregorian and Christian themes were the inspiration for the Ori motif.[58] The Ancient theme was deliberately carried over to Stargate Atlantis. The end of "Lost City" has a basic melody that would become part of the main title of Atlantis per a suggestion by Goldsmith's assistant.[62] Non-original music was rarely used on SG-1, although Goldsmith chose the aria "Vesti la giubba" from Leoncavallo's Pagliacci for season 3's "Shades of Grey".[27] Additionally, Lily Frost's song "Who am I" played in Season 7's "Fragile Balance" and CCR's song "Have You Ever Seen the Rain?" played in the series finale "Unending". A television soundtrack with Goldsmith's adapted score was released in 1997,[63] followed by a best-of release in 2001.[64] In Season 1 Episode 7, "The Nox", the music that played when The Nox appeared was Spinning The Silk from the album Chrysalis by 2002.

Opening title sequence[edit]

Stargate SG-1 has had several opening title sequences, which are generally preceded by a teaser act. The credits are normally sixty seconds long. Richard Dean Anderson was the only SG-1 actor whose name appeared before the show's title. Michael Shanks' name was moved near the end of the opening credits with the appendage "as Daniel Jackson" after his return to the show in Season 7. Some DVD versions of early SG-1 seasons have different opening credits from the television versions, as do the direct-to-DVD films. Composer Joel Goldsmith adapted David Arnold's Stargate feature film score for SG-1's opening title theme, which remained the same during the run of Stargate SG-1 and its direct-to-DVD films.

The opening credits of Stargate SG-1'sfirst five seasons show Ra's mask in close-up, which is similar to Tutankhamun's golden mask (pictured).

The first opening title sequence, used in the first five seasons, shows a slow-pan camera move over Ra's mask. The Stargate SG-1 producers had run out of time before the premiere of Season 1 and simply re-used the accelerated opening title sequence of the feature film.[65]Ra's mask had been created in the feature film's model shop and had originally been filmed with a motion-control camera.[66] Partly because Ra's mask looked cross-eyed, Brad Wright approached the art department in the following years to produce a new opening title sequence; however, the sequence remained the same until the show's move to the Sci-Fi Channel. During the first five seasons when the show was syndicated, a separate introduction was used; this intro is still used by Sci-Fi for Seasons 1–5. This version uses action shots of the original cast.[65][67]

The opening title sequence of the first two Season 6 episodes shows a turning Stargate, for which a Frazier lens was put as close as 1⁄8 inch (3 mm) to the Stargate prop.[67] The opening credits of the following episodes intercut this material with live-action shots of the characters from previous seasons and ended with the SG-1 team stepping through the Stargate. The opening credits stayed the same in the next two seasons except for minor clip and cast changes. The opening credits of Season 9 intercut shots of the Stargate with action sequences similar to the previous opening credits, although the Stargate was visibly computer-generated. The Sci Fi Channel cut the opening credits from sixty to ten seconds in their original broadcast of the first half of Season 9, but reinstated the full opening credits after strongly negative fan reactions.[68] The writers poked fun at this move in SG-1's milestone episode "200" in Season 10, showing a five-second clip instead of the full titles.[69] Beginning with Season 10's "Company of Thieves", the last clip of the opening credits shows Vala Mal Doran almost missing SG-1's trip through the Stargate.

Collaboration with the military[edit]

Generals Michael E. Ryan and John P. Jumper, USAF Chiefs of Staff, appeared as themselves in "Prodigy" (2001 (2001)) and "Lost City" (2004 (2004)).

The U.S. Department of the Air Force, through the Air Force Office of Public Affairs, Entertainment Liaison in Los Angeles, co-operated closely with the Stargate SG-1 producers. Before the beginning of the series, the Air Force granted production access to the Cheyenne Mountain complex to film stock shots. They also read every script for mistakes and provided help with plausible background stories for all characters, ribbons, uniform regulations, hair advice, plot lines and military relationships & decorum on an active military base.[70] The USAF flew up several T-38 Talon, F-15 and F-16 fighter jets to Vancouver for various episodes and direct-to-DVD films.[37][71][72] Many of the extras portraying USAF personnel were real USAF staff.[73]

Two successive Chiefs of Staff of the Air Force, Generals Michael E. Ryan and John P. Jumper, appeared as themselves in Season 4's "Prodigy" and Season 7's "Lost City", respectively. General Jumper's second scheduled appearance in Season 9's "The Fourth Horseman" was cancelled due to ongoing real-world conflicts in the Middle East.[72] The Air Force Association recognized Richard Dean Anderson at its 57th annual dinner on September 14, 2004 for his work as actor and executive producer of the show and for the show's positive depiction of the United States Air Force.[73]

Several scenes of Season 4's "Small Victories" were filmed aboard and outside a decommissioned Russian Foxtrot-class submarine, which had been brought from Vladivostok to Vancouver by a private owner.[8] The United States Navy invited the cast and producers to film aboard the nuclear submarine USS Alexandria (SSN-757) and at their Applied Physics Laboratory Ice Station in the Arctic for the direct-to-DVD sequel Stargate: Continuum.[74]

Themes and allusions[edit]

Main article: Mythology of Stargate

Many SG-1stories are built around Egyptian gods, such as (from left to right) Osiris, Anubis and Horus.

Stargate SG-1 takes place in a military science fiction environment and employs the common science fiction concepts of strongly differentiated characters fighting an unequivocally evil enemy (the Goa'uld). However, it links alien races with well-known Earth mythologies, by use of the central Stargate device. Near-instantaneous interplanetary travel allows quick narrative shifts between the politics on Earth and the realities of fighting an interstellar war.[75]Stargate SG-1 gradually evolves the basic premise of the Stargate film into its own unique mythological superstructure,[76] expanding upon Egyptian mythology (notably the gods Apep/Apophis and Anubis as Goa'uld villains), Norse mythology (notably the god Thor as an Asgard ally) and Arthurian legend (notably Merlin as an Ancient ally against the god-like Ori), among others. SG-1 introduces new alien races (as opposed to alien human civilizations) less often than other science fiction television series and integrates newly encountered races or visited planets in stand-alone episodes into its established mythology while leaving the plotlines accessible for new audience members.[77] Despite the show's extensive intergalactic mythology and science fiction elements, scholar M. Keith Booker considered SG-1 ultimately character-driven and heavily dependent on the camaraderie among the SG-1 members.[4]

The producers embraced humor and wanted SG-1 to be a fun show that did not take itself too seriously.[26] Brad Wright regarded SG-1 as a family show with adequate violence as opposed to random or gratuitous violence.[78] Christopher Judge did not consider SG-1 as a "message show by any stretch of the imagination, but occasionally there are messages there".[79] Aimed at a popular audience, Stargate SG-1 emphasized its present-day-Earth story frame by frequently referencing popular culture, like The X-Files and Buffy the Vampire Slayer had done before.[80] Jonathan Glassner had written The Wizard of Oz references into his own scripts since the first season, which the other writers imitated after Richard Dean Anderson began referencing the film on his own.[81] O'Neill references Richard Dean Anderson's favorite television series, The Simpsons, throughout the show.[82]SG-1 makes meta-textual references to the process of writing and filming a science fiction TV series in several episodes[83] and alludes to the main actors' previous TV roles in the pilot episode (Carter: "It took us fifteen years and three supercomputers to MacGyver a system for the gate on Earth") and in a Farscape vignette in the milestone episode "200".

Broadcast and release[edit]

See also: List of Stargate SG-1 episodes

Showtime and US syndication (1997–2002)[edit]

The American subscription channel Showtime ordered the first two seasons of Stargate SG-1 with 44 episodes total in 1996.[3] The two-hour pilot episode received Showtime's highest-ever ratings for a series premiere with an audience of approximately 1.5 million households in the 8 p.m. Sunday slot of July 27, 1997.[85] According to the SG-1 producers, a broadcast network would have cancelled SG-1 after a few episodes, but Showtime put no pressure on the show to "deliver the meteoric ratings the way network shows do".[86] The show was consistently the channel's most-watched program (including theatrical movies),[87][88] so Showtime ordered a third and fourth season of 22 episodes each in July 1998.[89]

Since Stargate SG-1 was expensive to produce, MGM arranged an agreement with Showtime that SG-1 could air in syndication six months after their premiere on Showtime.[90] All 22 Fox stations aired the first seasons after their Showtime debut, providing a clearance of 41% of the United States.[91][92] The Sci Fi Channel made its largest single programming acquisition of $150 million in 1998 by buying the exclusive basic cable rights to the MGM package Stargate SG-1, The Outer Limits and Poltergeist: The Legacy.[93] Showtime decided to end its association with Stargate SG-1 at the end of Season 5, saying that the show still had a sizeable viewership but could no longer draw new subscribers due to its availability in syndication.[33]

Sci Fi Channel and US syndication (2002–2007)[edit]

Since SG-1's ratings were good from a financial standpoint, the Sci Fi Channel picked up MGM's offer to continue the show into a sixth season, yet with a slightly reduced budget.[71] Sci Fi aired new episodes of Stargate SG-1 in the 9 p.m. Friday slot between The Dead Zone and Farscape, while it aired older SG-1 episodes in a four-hour block every Monday at 7 p.m. Episodes were broadcast in US syndication six months after their premiere on Sci Fi.[32] The sixth season was supposed to be the show's last,[7] but Sci Fi renewed SG-1 at the last minute.[94] The sixth and seventh seasons made Stargate SG-1 Sci Fi's highest-rated original series with an average of 2 million viewers in over 1.3 million households,[95] elevating Sci Fi into the top 10 cable networks in the United States.[96] For the next few years, the producers believed each current season to be the show's last and repeatedly wrote big series finales,[86] but the success of Stargate SG-1 put off their plans of ending the show to write a new Stargate feature film.[97] Sci Fi cut the length of an SG-1 season from 22 to 20 episodes from Season 8 onwards.

Originally envisioned as a replacement for SG-1, the spin-off series Stargate Atlantis began airing in tandem with SG-1's eighth season in summer 2004, setting a series record of 3.2 million viewers for SG-1 and a Sci Fi record as most-watched episode of a regular series ever (at the time) for Atlantis with 4.2 million viewers.[97]Battlestar Galactica joined the two Stargate series in January 2005, making Sci Fi the leader among basic cablers on Friday nights over the summer of 2005.[98][99] The producers considered replacing Stargate SG-1 with a new show named Stargate Command after SG-1's eighth season,[100] but the Sci Fi Channel decided to continue SG-1 with a slightly changed cast for a ninth season instead. Season 9's average slipped from 2.4 million viewers in late 2005[98] to 2.1 million viewers with 1.8 household rating during early 2006, which Sci Fi's Mark Stern attributed to the "tech-savvy, toy-loving, time-shifting audience" whose use of digital video recorders excluded them in ratings compilations.[33] Meanwhile, the decline of SG-1's 2005–2006 syndication household ratings was consistent with the overall decline in syndicated sci-fi action hours.[101] Sci Fi ordered a record-breaking tenth season of SG-1 in 2005, but announced it would not renew the show for an eleventh season in summer 2006 (see Cancellation and future). The final SG-1 episode, "Unending", premiered on Sky1 in the UK on March 13, 2007 and attracted approximately 2.2 million viewers on the Sci Fi Channel on June 22, 2007.[102]

International broadcast[edit]

According to Wright and Cooper, the worldwide popularity of science fiction was a factor in SG-1's success and the good international reception helped keep the series on the air in the beginning.[103] Several newspapers reported in 2005–2006 that Stargate SG-1 aired in over 100 countries with a weekly worldwide viewership of around 10 million,[26][86][103] but The New York Times gave different numbers in 2004, saying that the show was broadcast in sixty-four countries with more than 17 million viewers a week.[104]Stargate SG-1 had a particularly fervent response in the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Australia.[97][104]

Stargate SG-1 aired in the United Kingdom on Sky One with repeats on Sky Two, Sky Three and Channel 4. Sky One broadcast new episodes of the second half of most seasons before their American premiere. Brad Wright found it "almost embarrassing" that Stargate SG-1 was much more popular in the United Kingdom than in Canada,[26] where the show aired on Space, Citytv, A-Channel, Movie Central and French-language channels TQS and Ztélé.[96]Stargate SG-1 aired in Australia on Sci Fi Australia and Channel Seven. It aired in India on STAR World India and in Israel on Channel 1.

Cancellation and future[edit]

On August 21, 2006, a few days after the premiere of SG-1's milestone episode "200", the Sci Fi Channel confirmed that Stargate SG-1 was not being renewed for an eleventh season.[105] While news outlets cited declining ratings, expensive production and lack of promotion as possible reasons for the cancellation,[101][106] the Sci Fi Channel's Mark Stern merely stated the decision was not ratings-based.[101] Instead, he said the production staff was given enough time to tie up all the loose ends of the story and SG-1 cast members were planned to be incorporated into the renewed Stargate Atlantis.[101] Meanwhile, the SG-1 producers and rights-holder MGM expressed a desire to continue SG-1 as a movie, mini-series, or an eleventh season on another network.[107][108] Brad Wright confirmed the production of two direct-to-DVD films in October 2006,[109] and Amanda Tapping joined the Atlantis cast for their fourth season. The first film, Stargate: The Ark of Truth, was released in March 2008 and wraps up the Ori storyline. The second film, Stargate: Continuum, is an alternate time-line time travel story and was released in July 2008. A special edition of the two-hour pilot episode "Children of the Gods" with re-edited scenes and a different score has also been produced.[78]

In April 2009, MGM confirmed a third new SG-1 film that Brad Wright had first announced in May 2008.[110][111] Joseph Mallozzi revealed the working title as Stargate: Revolution.[112] The film was planned to be written by Wright and former Stargate Atlantis executive producer Carl Binder.[113] Martin Wood would serve as director.[114] The premise of the film would have been the "possibility of the Stargate program going public".[115] According to Wright, the film would center on the Jack O'Neill character and would reunite as many of the SG-1 cast as possible, depending on the cost of the film and actor availability.[110] The character of Vala Mal Doran would not appear in the film.[114] Amanda Tapping confirmed her appearance in this SG-1 film and the first Atlantis movie in September 2008,[116] and Michael Shanks (Daniel Jackson) confirmed his and Richard Dean Anderson's participation in January 2009.[117] No contracts had been signed by April 2009,[118] but Wright stated that he "can almost guarantee we are proceeding with the SG-1 movie this year [2009]".[119] Nevertheless, production was put on hold. Wright explained that the late-2000s recession made DVD premieres less lucrative for MGM than in the years before,[120] and he also pointed to the financial crisis of MGM as reason for the delay.[121] Wright and Joe Mallozzi expressed optimism that production would eventually start,[121][122] until Wright announced in April 2011 that the SG-1 film project was permanently shelved, along with plans for future Atlantis and Stargate Universe films and a cross-over film incorporating elements from all three series.[123][124] By then, neither the Atlantis nor Universe television series were produced anymore. Still, Wright did not rule out future Stargate films, saying; "It's a franchise. Stargate is not over. Somebody smart from MGM is going to figure it out and something will happen."[123]

Home media[edit]

Main article: DVD and Blu-ray releases

Stargate SG-1 was first released on DVD in some European nations in volumes of typically four episodes each, beginning with "The Best of Season 1" as Volume 1 in the United Kingdom in 2000. Each following season was released as six individual volumes (except Season 10 with five volumes), beginning with the first four episodes of Season 2. In 2000, the series was first released in the United States on DVD with only three episodes. The following year, Seasons 1–8 were released in five-disc amaray box sets in the United States. MGM Home Entertainment (Europe) began releasing complete season box sets (including Season 1) alongside the individual volumes in 2002. The British season box sets were usually released half a year after a season's last volume release in the UK. Stargate SG-1 was also released in DVD season box sets in Australia.

Most DVDs contain behind-the-scenes features, audio commentaries for nearly all episodes beginning with Season 4 and production galleries. The box sets of the first eight seasons were re-released with slim packaging in all regions, beginning in the United States in summer 2006.[125] A complete series set was first released in the United States in October 2007, containing 50 discs from the ten seasons of Stargate SG-1 and four bonus discs with content not part of the original sets.[126] More than 30 million copies of DVDs had been sold by 2006.[26]

On June 15, 2020, Visual Entertainment re-released the complete series, without the films, on DVD.[127] On December 18, 2020, the company released the entire series, again without the films, on Region A Blu-ray.[128]

Online distribution[edit]

New episodes of Stargate SG-1 were first released on iTunes in the US in August 2006, each time one day after their premiere on the Sci Fi Channel. The commercial-free episodes were priced $1.99 each, while a season pass with twenty episodes cost $37.99.[101][129] A release on iTunes UK followed in October 2007.[130] All ten seasons of SG-1 were available on iTunes and Amazon Unbox by January 2008.[131]Stargate SG-1 made its debut on in March 2009, starting with the first season. At first, viewers in the United States could only watch episodes of the first seasons, but as of December 2009 all episodes of Seasons 1–10 were available free of charge with a small number of commercials on Hulu, through January 31, 2011.[132] Free access to all SG-1 episodes continued until July 31, 2011, when the episodes were finally removed. As of February 1, 2011, all episodes of the entire Stargate franchise were available on Netflix's subscription-based online video streaming service in the US.[133] As of August 15, 2012 Netflix removed Stargate SG-1 from its online video streaming service. As of May 2013, Amazon Video has Stargate SG-1 available for online streaming.[134] As of August 2014 SG-1 is available on Netflix UK. The pilot episode "Children Of The Gods" though has been replaced with the 2009 updated final cut with updated CGI and the full frontal nudity removed. As of July 2015, Hoopla Digital, an online library media database, has all ten seasons of Stargate SG-1 available to watch free without commercials, for those who have cards with a participating library. The first two episodes are the edited versions, in which full frontal nudity has been removed.[135] In September 2017, MGM launched its own online streaming service called Stargate Command, making available all episodes of Stargate SG-1 along with Stargate Atlantis and Stargate Universe.[136] The show returned to Netflix in the United States on December 1, 2020 with a TV-MA rating because of the full frontal nudity in the first episode.[137]


Critical reception[edit]

Stargate SG-1, particularly during earlier seasons, did very little to attract much in the way of attention from the mainstream media.[138][87][26][139] The show's July 1997 pilot, "Children of the Gods" received mixed responses from publications such as The New York Times and Variety.[140] Whilst there was only passing interest from mainstream publications, science fiction publications such as Starburst,[141][142]Cult Times[143][144] and TV Zone regularly reviewed and featured SG-1.[145] Sharon Eberson of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, wrote that "Stargate SG-1's place in the sci-fi universe can be measured in longevity, spot-on cast chemistry, rabid fans who call themselves Gaters and the tough subjects it has tackled", going on to note that the show "had rarely been a critical darling".[139]

Despite the lukewarm reaction to the pilot, various critics and publications later recognized that SG-1 had surpassed the 1994 film on which it was based.[146][147] Writing for The Guardian in 2009, Emily Wilson labelled the original film "pretty dire", believing that the series had far outshined it. Wilson appreciatively teased SG-1's format of visiting slightly different, English speaking alien worlds, with similar caves and studio-flat floors, writing that "what makes it good are the jokes, the actors, and the great ideas the writers keep throwing out".[148]What Culture believed SG-1 to be the best entry into the Stargate franchise, surpassing both the film and spinoff series, putting it #10 on their 25 Greatest Sci Fi TV Shows of All Time list.[149]

Rolling Stone called the series "one of the unlikeliest success stories in sci-fi TV history", ranking it #36 on their 50 Greatest Sci-Fi Series of All Time list.[150]SyFy Wire described the show as "sci-fi comfort food in the best possible way" comparing the way the show examined morality to that of Star Trek: The Original Series, placing the show 20th on their Greatest Sci-Fi TV Series of the Past 25 Years list.[151] In 2003, after spinoff series Stargate Atlantis was greenlit, SG-1 enjoyed more mainstream exposure. The July issue of TV Guide proclaimed on the front cover "Forget Trek! Stargate SG-1 is now sci-fi's biggest hit!".[152]

In the show's later seasons, it was broadcast on the Sci-Fi Channel on the same night as the 2004 reimagining of Battlestar Galactica. Galactica was critically acclaimed for its dramatic, often dark take on science fiction television. People called Stargate SG-1 "the anti-Battlestar Galactica", praising it for being accessible, comforting and captivating.[153] According to Melanie McFarland of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, SG-1's records did not earn it "the kind of wide-ranging respect a successful series with a 200-episode run deserves"; SG-1 rarely occupied a slot on 'best show' lists because the show remained "relegated to the back of the bus in terms of popularity" behind the glory of Galactica, although every week, the show attracts an average of 10 million viewers worldwide.[86]IndieWire lauded the series for its camp, self-aware style, calling this "its saving grace compared to other excellent, but heavy sci-fi series like Battlestar Galactica", ranking the show #18 on their list of the 20 Best TV Shows Based on Movies of all time.[154]

The show has also gone on to be featured on various lists of works considered the best. In 2019, Popular Mechanics ranked Stargate: SG-1 the 14th best science fiction television show ever.[155]Insider included the show in their The 19 Best Sci-fi Shows of All Time.[156]Goliath ranked SG-1 #10 in their 15 Favorite Sci-Fi Shows of All Time.[157]Paste ranked it #24 out of 100 on their 2017 list of Greatest Sci-fi television.[158]ShortList included SG-1 in their 15 Best Sci-Fi TV shows list.[159] In 2011, IGN ranked it #19 in their Top 50 Sci Fi Shows of All Time.[160]Stargate SG-1 ranked #28 on TV Guide's Top Cult Shows Ever.[161] In 2005, SG-1 and Atlantis shared the number four spot in a poll about the "most popular cult TV shows" on the British Cult TV website.[162]SG-1 was also included in the list of "17 All-Time Great Cult TV Shows You Say We Missed" by Entertainment Weekly in 2009.[163] In a Digital Spy user poll, the show ranked as the 4th Greatest Sci-fi show of all time.[164]Amazon Prime also conducted a user-poll in 2019, with the show voted the 3rd Greatest Sci-Fi of all Time.[165]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Stargate SG-1

Stargate SG-1 was nominated for numerous awards during its ten-season run. Its nominations for seven Emmys in the "Outstanding Special Visual Effects for a Series" category and one Emmy for "Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore)" did not result in a win.[166]SG-1 won two Gemini Awards,[167] twelve Leo Awards[168] and five Saturn Awards[169] out of over thirty nominations each. Stargate SG-1 was also nominated for two VES Awards in 2003 and 2005[170][171] and for two Hugo Awards in 2005 and 2007.[172][173]


Fans costuming as SG teams at Dragon Con in 2008

Main article: Stargate fandom

Brad Wright used the term "Gaters" to refer to fans of Stargate SG-1 in 2001,[70] but the term did not become widespread. Some fans' belief that there was a real Stargate device under Cheyenne Mountain inspired writers Joseph Mallozzi and Paul Mullie to come up with their own conspiracy story for Season 4's "Point of No Return".[70] The fansite GateWorld became a major franchise news site with special arrangements with MGM; GateWorld's founder Darren Sumner was later hired to serve as a news editor for the official Stargate SG-1 magazine and to check Stargate comic books for continuity errors with the TV shows before publication.[174]Late Night with Conan O'Brien graphic designer Pierre Bernard gained notoriety among Stargate fans for devoting several of his "Recliner of Rage" Late Night segments to SG-1. The producers invited him to make cameo appearances in the episodes "Zero Hour" and "200".[175]

Established in 2000, Gatecon is the world's longest-running SG-1 fan convention. It is held in the Vancouver area, (plus two in the UK), with more actor and crew member participation than other conventions. SG-1 conventions by Creation Entertainment were also marketed as "The Official Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis Tour", which mostly took place in the United States until Creation Entertainment acquired the license for Vancouver conventions in 2005. Wolf Events organized many SG-1 conventions in Europe, particularly in the UK and Germany.[176]


Main articles: Stargate literature, List of Stargate comics, and Stargate games

Stargate SG-1 spawned an industry of spin-off products. From 1999 to 2001, ROC published four Stargate SG-1 novels written by Ashley McConnell.[177] In 2004, UK-based Fandemonium Press launched a new series of licensed tie-in novels based on Stargate SG-1, although these books were unavailable in North America until 2006 when the license conflict with ROC expired.[178] Titan Publishing publishes the official Stargate Magazine,[26] while Avatar Press published a series of Stargate SG-1 comics.[26] British company Big Finish Productions began to produce Stargate SG-1 audio adventures in early 2008, voiced by members of the SG-1 cast.[179] A Stargate SG-1 roleplaying game and a Stargate trading card game were released in 2003 and 2007. Diamond Select Toys and Hasbro launched a series of toys in 2005 and 2006, respectively.[180][181] The planned video game Stargate SG-1: The Alliance was cancelled in 2005 and the futures of the MMORPGStargate Worlds and the Third Person Shooter from the same studio (Cheyenne Mountain Entertainment) named Stargate Resistance were made clear in November 2010 following MGM's decision not to renew CME's Stargate license. Four amusement rides are based on Stargate – the Stargate SG-3000 theme park ride operating at Space Park Bremen in Germany and at Six Flags theme parks in Chicago, San Francisco and Louisville.[26]


We were off the radar for so long. [...] We were like the slowly burning candle. We're not a huge hit by any means. We're a nice little show that does well and makes MGM a lot of money.

Creator Brad Wright in 2006[26]

Stargate SG-1 spawned the animated Stargate Infinity, and the live-action spin-off TV series' Stargate Atlantis and Stargate Universe. By SG-1's tenth season in 2006, Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis were said to have brought US$500 million in production to British Columbia.[26] MGM executive vice president Charles Cohen described Stargate SG-1 and its spinoff series as the television counterpart of their James Bond franchise, being very profitable and improving their image.[33]

According to Stan Beeler and Lisa Dickson in their 2005 book Reading Stargate SG-1, the only science fiction shows to exceed the staying power of SG-1 are Doctor Who and the Star Trek franchise, although The X-Files and Buffy/Angel might have comparable longevity.[76] Brad Wright cited continuity in the creative team and fan loyalty as reasons for the show's longevity.[26] With its 202nd episode, "Company of Thieves", Stargate SG-1 surpassed The X-Files as the longest-running North American science fiction series on television, until passed by the final season of Smallville in 2011, which was in turn passed by the eleventh season revival of The X-Files in 2018.[182]Doctor Who fans dispute SG-1's listing in the 2007 Guinness World Records as the "longest-running science fiction show (consecutive)", as 695 episodes of the British show were produced but not shown consecutively between 1963 and 1989.[183][184] Scott D. Pierce from Deseret News said that the series never made a "sort of cultural impact" as Star Trek because the show was "pretty derivative" which he further stated it became "more so over the years."[185]

The astronomers David J. Tholen and Roy A. Tucker enjoyed the SG-1 arch villain Apophis so much that they named their discovered near-Earth asteroid "99942 Apophis".[186]

Reflecting on SG-1 in 2020, Dean Devlin, co-creator of the 1994 original film, recalled that initially he had been very hostile to the series, likening his experience of it to "watching someone else raising your child" and pointing out that the full-frontal nudity featured in the pilot episode was not what he thought Stargate should be about. But he had come to believe, he said, that the passion of SG-1's fanbase reflected the fact that Brad Wright and Jonathan Glassner had created a really good show, thus reaching out to Glassner for the first time.[187]


  1. ^Brenner, Paul. "Stargate: Overview". Allmovie. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
  2. ^ abcEramo, Steven (July 2005). "Michael Shanks – Curious Mind". TV Zone (Special 64): 40–42.
  3. ^ abcdefghWright, Brad; Glassner, Jonathan; Greenburg, Michael; Anderson, Richard Dean; Shanks, Michael (2001). Stargate SG-1: Season 3 – Timeline To The Future – Part 1: Legacy Of The Gate (DVD). MGM Home Entertainment.
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  5. ^Sumner, David (June 30, 2008). "Don S. Davis: 1942–2008". GateWorld. Retrieved November 20, 2008.
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  18. ^Read, David (September 2006). "Intimate Portrait – GateWorld talks with Don S. Davis (Part 2)". GateWorld. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
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  29. ^Sumner, Darren (February 28, 2005). "New seasons begin filming in Vancouver". GateWorld. Retrieved March 25, 2009.
  30. ^ abcHudolin, Richard; Greenburg, Michael; Smith, N. John (2001). Stargate SG-1: Season 3 – Timeline To The Future – Part 2: Secrets Of The Gate (DVD). MGM Home Entertainment.
  31. ^ abSumner, Darren & Read, David (February 18, 2009). "Stargate Universe begins principal photography". GateWorld. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
  32. ^ abDempsey, John (August 26, 2002). "'Stargate' levitates". Variety. Retrieved March 26, 2009.
  33. ^ abcdMcNamara, Mary (May 7, 2006). "Science-Fiction Series 'SG-1' Is Cable's First to Reach Historic Milestone". Multichannel News. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
  34. ^Heckman, Candace & Chansanchai, Athima (December 12, 2005). "Vancouver: A sci-fi film and TV fan's paradise". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved March 21, 2009.
  35. ^Mallozzi, Joseph, Gero, Martin (2006). Audio Commentary for "The Ties That Bind" (DVD). MGM Home Entertainment.
  36. ^Wood, Martin (2004). Stargate SG-1: Season 7 – Audio Commentary for "Fallen" (DVD). MGM Home Entertainment.
  37. ^ abWood, Martin; Tapping, Amanda (2008). Stargate: The Ark of Truth – Stargate at Comic-Con (DVD). MGM Home Entertainment.
  38. ^ abWaring, Will and Menard, Jim (2005). Stargate SG-1 Season 8 – Audio Commentary for "Lockdown" (DVD). MGM Home Entertainment. Event occurs at 1 and 8 min.
  39. ^ abWoloshyn, Bruce (February 14, 2005). "A Day At Rainmaker – An Interview With Bruce Woloshyn. Retrieved January 9, 2021.


"Family" is the eighth episode of the second season of Stargate SG-1.


Teal'c and SG-1 return to Chulak to rescue Rya'c who was taken by Apophis. Eventually they find him, but Teal'c notices that Rya'c has been brainwashed by Apophis who sends him to destroy the Tau'ri after he will arrive on Earth.


Bra'tac arrives through the Stargate to inform Teal'c that his son is being held by Apophis.

In the Briefing Room, Major GeneralGeorge S. Hammond tells ColonelJack O'Neill that O'Neill's report clearly gave everyone the impression that Apophis had died on the explosion.

When Hammond wonders what Apophis would want with Rya'c, Teal'c states that Apophis does not want Rya'c and that Apophis wants Teal'c himself.

Bra'tac agrees and then tells them that Apophis and Klorel successfully escaped the blast via the rings system although nearly all the Serpent Guards loyal to the two Goa'uld died in the explosion that destroyed the two ships which ultimately caused Apophis to return to Chulak in shame.

After thinking it over, Hammond then allows SG-1 to return to Chulak on the condition that they bring Drey'auc and Rya'c back to Earth, so that Teal'c will no longer be vulnerable to the Goa'uld through his family while telling Teal'c that is to be the last time that Teal'c withholds any information concerning his family.

After arriving on Chulak, having knocked the Serpent Guards who were guarding the Stargate unconscious via some gas they go to a house where Drey'auc is living (previously she had been forced to live in the camps of the outcasts because of her husband's treason).

It turns out to be the house of Fro'tak, an old friend of Teal'c's, who reveals that because Teal'c had been thought to be dead, Drey'auc had married Fro'tak in an attempt to give Rya'c a better life, a fact Bra'tac swears he did not know. Teal'c feels betrayed, and Bra'tac initially has to forcibly keep Teal'c from killing Fro'tak; however, Teal'c swears to Bra'tac that he will not attempt to kill Fro'tak. O'Neill and Bra'tac decide that, while Fro'tak has been a trusted ally in the past, it would be best to keep a close eye on him in the future.

The initial attempt to rescue Rya'c is met with failure, as he runs away from his rescuers, appearing to have been brainwashed by Apophis. In a broadcast message to the people of Chu'lak, Rya'c confirms his brainwashing by calling his father a traitor to Apophis, to Chulak, and to his family. A price is set on Teal'c's head, 1 milion shesh'ta, and on the heads of SG-1, but Teal'c has hope that Rya'c is fighting his brainwashing (or perhaps pretending to be brainwashed), because Rya'c refers to his mother as Drey'auc of the Morning Groves, which is incorrect. Teal'c interprets this to be a request to attempt another rescue in the morning. SG-1 and Bra'tac are not convinced, but Teal'c is determined to try. As they finish discussing the matter, there is a knock at the door, and Drey'auc hides everyone in a secret room while Fro'tak goes out to meet a group of Jaffa who have come to search his house for the traitor. After a brief search, they leave, and Fro'tak regains Teal'c's trust.

Late that night, Drey'auc finds Teal'c refusing to sleep, Teal'c informs Drey'auc that he never wishes to lay eyes on her after Rya'c has been rescued, but Drey'auc tells Teal'c that she married Fro'tak because he was the only one who offered to marry her, and not because she harbors any love for him and they end up kissing.

Unknown to them, Fro'tak sees this, and he sneaks out of the house, heading straight for the palace, remaining unaware that Jack has been keeping an eye on Fro'tak as well.

Fro'tak arrives at the palace and informs the Jaffa on guard that he will lead him to the traitor and his evil friends. Jack sneaks in and shoots the guard with a Zat before attempting to reason with Fro'tak.

For a second, it looks like Fro'tak may agree but the second he gets up, he starts yelling for the Serpent Guards. Jack kills Fro'tak with the Zat before firing a third shot to disintegrate the body, destroying the evidence.

As Jack flees, a Serpent Guard appears and orders that the palace be sealed off, leaving Jack trapped inside.

The next morning, a Serpent Guard descends on the house much to Bra'tac's outrage. However, it's soon revealed that the Guard is none other than Jack who states that now he knows why the Guards are cranky all the time given how heavy the helmets are. As Sam and Daniel remove the helmet, Daniel demands to know where Jack has been while Drey'auc wants to know where Fro'tak is.

Jack grimly tells the group that Fro'tak left last night and made a beeline for the palace, that he planned on turning them in and Jack was forced to kill him, with Jack apologizing for his actions. This leaves Drey'auc and Bra'tac deeply shocked.

A while later, the group try a second rescue attempt with Jack stating that this can't be a firefight and that they are to target a single Jaffa guard closest to them. On Jack's signal, SG-1 and Bra'tac successfully dispatch the guards and save Rya'c who is thrilled to be reunited with Teal'c.

They reach the Stargate, only to discover it's guarded by two Jaffa, so O'Neill and CaptainSamantha Carter remain very suspicious of Rya'c. However, there appears to be nothing to do except take Rya'c back to Earth, so SG-1 along with Drey'auc and Rya'c return to Earth, while Bra'tac remains on Chulak.

Upon their return, Rya'c passes his medical exams with flying colors, but Drey'auc remembers that while training with Bra'tac before he was taken by Apophis, he lost two of his teeth. No teeth are missing, so he is anesthetized to remove the false teeth and to have his body intensively scanned to make sure there are not any other suspicious implants. Upon waking, he immediately attempts to break the teeth, which the SGC has determined contained two organisms which, when combined, would be able to wipe out all life on the planet within a week. Teal'c's attempts to convince Rya'c that Apophis is not a god do not work, so electro-shock therapy is suggested as a method of deprogramming. It is not known whether conventional electro-shock therapy will kill the Goa'uld inside him. After Teal'c gets a detailed explanation, he suggests that one shot from a Zat'nik'tel might safely mimic the effects, as it has a similar discharge to the therapy and is known to not kill any Jaffa or their Goa'uld. He tells Drey'auc that it would be extremely painful, but she gives her full support as to him deciding what would be best.

With no other options, the parents go into the room together, and though difficult, Teal'c shoots Rya'c with the Zat, which causes him extreme pain; however he awakens with no memory of any of the events leading up to or including his rescue, and he is free of Apophis' brainwashing. Drey'auc and Rya'c are then sent to the Land of Light, where they can be safe and free.


Notable quotes[]

Fro'tak: You are the warriors of the Tau'ri? I am Fro'tak of the High Cliffs.
O'Neill: Jack...of the Windy City.

Drey'auc: What happened? Where is my son?
O'Neill: He's alright. We just ran into some problems.
Teal'c: It is far worse than that, O'Neill. Ry'ac's body lives but his heart and mind have been destroyed.
Drey'auc: What are you saying?
Teal'c: He is now with Apophis.
Bra'tac: The boy was a stranger. A beast.
O'Neill: Oh come on. The kid's brainwashed.

Daniel: (After Teal'c almost kills Fro'tak for marrying his former wife) I guess in a way you should be thanking him.
Teal'c: How can you say that Daniel Jackson?!
Daniel: Well, last time we saw them, they were barely surviving as outcasts in a refugee camp. Fro'tak has given them a new life in society.
Bra'tac: Daniel is right, Teal'c.

O'Neill: If we can pull this off, Sir, we can grab Teal'c's kid and nail this mother (small pause) Goa'uld in one sweep.

Apophis: (in Normal Voice) I will give one million shesh'ta to the Jaffa who brings Teal'c to me alive and another million for the heads of those who are with him.
O'Neill: Well, if you've got a price on your head, you're doing your job.

O'Neill: (in a serpent helmet) No wonder these guys are always cranky!


Main Characters

Guest Stars


  • The scenes taking place around the Stargate on the Chulak were shot at the Reclaimed Gravel Pit of the Lower Seymour Conservation Reserve.


  • At the start of the episode the IDC is received before the wormhole is formed.
  • When Teal'c comes home after finding Rya'c brainwashed you can hear a telephone ringing in the background.
  • When Teal'c runs towards the ChulakStargate, as he leans against one of the stone for cover, the stone moves, indicating it is a much lighter-than-stone prop.
  • Dr.Daniel Jackson states that Apophis and Klorel must have ringed over to Klorel's Ha'tak and used the Stargate to escape immediately after he did. This isn't possible, as Jackson leapt through the gate with only a couple of seconds left on the C-4 countdown at the end of "The Serpent's Lair". They likely left before Jackson entered the room. Though Jackson would not have known the exact time on the C-4 when entering the wormhole.
  • When SG-1 and Bra'tac take out the Jaffa guarding Rya'c, they act like they killed them all with ColonelJack O'Neill even saying "one shot, one kill." However, they only zated the Jaffa once so the ones not killed by Teal'c and Bra'tac should still be alive despite everyone acting like they are dead.

Other languages[]

  • French: Famille (Family)
  • German: Der verlorene Sohn (The Prodigal Son)
  • Italian: La Vendetta (The Vengeance)
  • Spanish: Familia (Family)
  • Czech: Rodina (Family)
  • Hungarian: Családi ügy (Family Business)

Links and navigation[]

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  2. Ring flash drive
  3. Witches alphabet
  4. E30 no spark

Family Ties

"Family Ties" is the eighteenth episode of the tenth season of Stargate SG-1.


Vala Mal Doran's father, Jacek seeks sanctuary on Earth, where he quickly delves into his old scamming tricks. Meanwhile, Major GeneralHenry Landry plans to meet his ex-wife and daughter for dinner.


Lt. ColonelSamantha Carter and Vala Mal Doran arrive at Stargate Command wearing civilian clothing, carrying a lot of shopping bags. Carter says that they've just had a "Girls Day Out". Lt. ColonelCameron Mitchell and MSgt.Sylvester Siler are talking about a TV show, and Vala says that she was sampling Earth's "cultural offerings". When Mitchell asks what these are, Carter adds "pedicures, mochaccinos, and Victoria's Secret." Siler, distracted by their rather provocative clothing (dresses, high heels, and boots) walks back down the hall and into a door that opened behind him. Mitchell reminds them that they're about to go off-world in about an hour, and suggests that they lose the heels.

Major GeneralHenry Landry is at the SGC and is contacted by a person from another world who reveals himself to be Jacek, who claims to have information that would protect Earth against an attack by the JaffaArkad. Arkad planned to use weapons grade Naquadah to destroy the enemies of the Ori. Carter states that Arkad was killed; however, Jacek states that his plans are already in motion, with cloakedTel'tak cargo ships carrying weapons grade Naquadah, awaiting the order for the strike. Vala arrives and mentions Jacek's name - after which she reveals that Jacek is her father.

Landry agrees that Jacek is untrustworthy, but decides it's still in their best interest to take him up on his offer - against Vala's wishes. While they prepare for the mission, Landry goes to see his daughter, Dr.Carolyn Lam, and asks her to help him to arrange a communication with her mother, with whom he hasn't spoken for five years. Lam agrees to call her in his behalf.

SG-1 goes to the planet Jacek told them about, traveling on the Odyssey which is now under the command of ColonelIan Davidson. With the ship's scanners they discover a small number of people with a lot of Naquadah; they destroy it and give Jacek the sanctuary he asked for.

While on Earth, Jacek proves to be a less than honest citizen, holding a charity phone scam (" Little 'Pepito' needs a new set of kidneys.."), selling "genuine stardust", and hustling senior citizen ladies in bingo games (with a cover charge). It turns out that there was one ship that left before SG-1 arrived, and that it has reached Earth and is awaiting orders. Jacek found out about the cargo ship on Earth from a Jaffa Te'rak he knew from a weapon smuggling operation he used to run. That was the reason why he made a deal with SGC - so he could come to Earth to take Naquadah, sell it, and then split the profit with a Jaffa.

When Jacek meets with his Jaffa contact, Daniel and Vala surprise him and accidentally kill the Jaffa. Once again Jacek tries to make a deal with SGC and claims that only he can find the cloaked cargo ship, because the Naquadah was marked by Arkad and he can calibrate detection systems to pick up its unique energy signature. Jacek convinces SG-1 to let him "disarm" the bomb he claims is on board, set to detonate if the ship moves. He claims that he has the override codes. SG-1 does not trust him, as he has spent his time on Earth continuously scamming everyone. Instead, they lead him to a cargo ship of their own and let him steal it; once he is gone and it's obvious he made up the existence of a deadman switch, SG-1 take control of the real cargo ship. After Landry hears that everything has gone according to plan, he rushes to the restaurant to meet with his daughter (Dr. Lam) and ex-wife Kim Lam.

The next scene shows the cargo ship Jacek stole on an unknown world where Jacek asks how much he will get for the shipment of weapons grade Naquadah. The "client", a human, notes that the shipment is nothing but lead bars and "these things", which turn out to be foam peanuts. Jacek explains that it's a virility enhancer and manages to con the human into believing the lie. Jacek laughs and says that they both "talk the same language".

The episode ends with Vala putting the new necklace her father gave her into a secret box where she kept the other jewelry he gave her, despite having told Jacek that she threw it away. She hears a knock at the door and hides the box beneath her bed after which Carter enters the room with a bottle and two glasses for a "girls' night in". Carter asks how Vala is doing and she explains that her father scammed them and they scammed him in return, with everything turning out OK in the end.

Vala inquires about what the "boys" are doing. Carter explains that Mitchell is out on a date, Daniel is exhausted and that Teal'c has gone to see a play. Sitting down at his play Teal'c nods side to side in surprise, noticing the crowd of predominantly females; Teal'c is discomforted to find out that the play is The Vagina Monologues.


Notable quotes[]

Jacek: I suppose, for the benefit of your friends there, you're gonna wanna list all the reasons why I was such a bad father.
Vala: Oh I wish I could, but the wormhole can only be maintained for 38 minutes.

Landry: I made a deal. I'm not going back on my word.
Vala: Might I suggest a more liberal interpretation of the agreement? For instance the word sanctuary could mean anything from accommodations in an idyllic tropical setting to, say, lifetime incarceration in one of this planet's more unpleasant penal facilities.

Jacek: For once in the last 20 years could you call me "Dad'?
Vala: You haven't earned that right yet.

Lam: You know that grey sports jacket that you have with the patches on the sleeves?
Landry: Uh hum.
Lam: Don't wear that.

Teal'c: May I offer you a word of advice?
Jacek: Any input that would help me better myself would be greatly appreciated.
Teal'c: Perhaps three words: be less annoying.

Carter: But the truth is the Stargate program just doesn't get the support it used to from the people in charge.
Jacek: Why not?
Lee: (yells) Eureka! One down twelve to go!
Jacek: That's too bad because after all your Stargate program has accomplished for this network of planets, I'd think that the decision makers would show it the respect it deserves.


Main Characters

Guest Stars


  • In one of the many references the Stargate franchise makes to the Vancouver area, where the shows are filmed, Jacek's apartment number is 604, which is also the telephone area code for Vancouver.
  • In Lt. ColonelSamantha Carter's lab, Jacek comments, "I'm a bit disappointed in [the Stargate] facility. I was expecting more" to which Carter responds, "The Stargate program just doesn't get the support it used to from the people in charge." (referring to the International Oversight Advisory) Jacek asks, "Why not?". They are interrupted by Dr.Bill Lee who exclaims "Eureka!" This is a subtle/sneaky reference to the replacement show Eureka that took the place of Stargate SG-1 in SyFy's lineup of shows (though after the tenth and final season of Stargate had finished), a decision with which many fans disagreed. Jacek responds, "That's too bad because after all your Stargate program has accomplished for this network of planets, I would think the decision makers would show it the respect it deserves." "Network" refers to the SyFy Channel.
  • While Jacek states that his stardust was fake, technically all matter is stardust.
  • When SG-1 arrives to first meet Jacek, Vala repeats the famous line from Star Wars: "I've got a bad feeling about this."
  • Jacek refers to the events of "Talion".
  • This episode takes place over the course of more than three weeks. This is puzzling, since as a visiting alien Jacek would not have been allowed to leave the SGC until he had been fully cleared. Even Vala was not permitted to leave for several months, due to her previous stealing of the Prometheus.


  • In several scenes, Vala Mal Doran's SG-1 and Earth symbol patches are on the wrong sleeves. This would happen again in the next episode.
  • After shooting Teal'c with a zat'nik'tel, Vala Mal Doran is seen with it closed immediately afterward.
  • At one point during the dialing procedure the computer shows five symbols to be encoded, CMSgt.Walter Harriman is saying six and the Stargate has seven chevrons glowing - all at the same time.

Other languages[]

  • French: Un Air De Famille (A Family Resemblance)
  • Italian: Legami Di Famiglia (Family Ties)
  • Spanish: Lazos Familiares (Family Ties)
  • Czech: Rodinná pouta (Family Ties)
  • Hungarian: A család köteléke (The Ties of the Family)
  • German: Familienbande (Family Ties)

Links and navigation[]

STARGATE SG1 TV Series Cast Then And Now 2021


Fictional character in "Stargate"

CMSgtTeal'c of Chulak is a fictional character in the military science fictiontelevision seriesStargate SG-1. Portrayed by Christopher Judge, Teal'c is a Jaffa warrior from the planet Chulak. As a Jaffa, Teal'c is a genetically modified human with an abdominal pouch that serves as an incubator for a larval Goa'uld. The larval symbiote grants enhanced strength, health, healing, and longevity; Teal'c is around 100 years old during the show's run and ages an additional 50 years in the final SG-1 episode. Teal'c's most notable feature is a golden tattoo found on his forehead, a sign that he once served the System LordApophis as First Prime, the most senior Jaffa rank.

Teal'c is introduced in the pilot episode of Stargate SG-1, "Children of the Gods". The character appears in all episodes of SG-1 except season 8's "Prometheus Unbound", making him the character with the most episode appearances. Teal'c also appears in the direct-to-DVD films Stargate: The Ark of Truth and Stargate: Continuum, as well as the Stargate Atlantis season 4 episodes "Reunion" and "Midway". In 2002, Christopher Judge was nominated for a Saturn Award in the category "Best Supporting Actor in a Television Series".

Role in Stargate[edit]

Character arc[edit]

Teal'c is a Jaffa from the planet Chulak. In the decades before the events of Stargate SG-1, the Goa'uld System Lord Cronus executed Teal'c's father (Cronus' First Prime, the most senior Jaffa rank) for retreating during a battle that could not be won. In the hopes of avenging his father's death one day, Teal'c joined the armies of the rival System Lord Apophis.[1][2] Under the direction of Apophis' then-First Prime, Bra'tac, Teal'c learned the ways of a warrior and rose in the ranks to become Apophis's new First Prime. His interaction with Bra'tac and his own personal experiences eventually led Teal'c to doubt the divinity of the Goa'uld.[3]

When the SG-1 team is captured on Chulak in the pilot episode of Stargate SG-1, Teal'c defects from Apophis and joins the SG-1 team. He believes this will provide an opportunity eventually to defeat the Goa'uld and bring freedom to all Jaffa.[4] Teal'c finds a home at Stargate Command (SGC) on Earth and occasionally visits his wife Drey'auc and his young son Rya'c on Chulak (see section Relationships). SG-1 joins forces with Bra'tac in many missions against Apophis in the next four seasons. Teal'c's integrity in the team is tested after he kills Daniel's wife Sha're in season 3's "Forever in a Day" to stop her torturing Daniel. After SG-1 succeeds in killing Apophis in the season 5 premiere, "Enemies", Chulak becomes a free planet.

The first major group of Jaffa Resistance warriors is shown in season 5's "The Warrior". By season six, Teal'c and Bra'tac have become prominent leaders of the Jaffa Resistance. Earth's Alpha site serves as a main site of operation for the Rebel Jaffa and later the Tok'ra, but the two races have difficulty with trust and collaboration in defeating the Goa'uld as their enemy.[5] Teal'c and Bra'tac lose their symbiotes after a sabotaged Rebel Jaffa summit in season 6's "The Changeling", but the Tok'ra drug Tretonin sustains them from then on. Tretonin eventually becomes instrumental in liberating Jaffa from physiological reliance on Goa'uld symbiotes. No longer presenting a security risk to Earth, Teal'c attempts to have a normal life and moves out of the SGC in season 8's "Affinity". However, Teal'c's alien behavior and a murder case make life difficult for him.

Teal'c and Bra'tac eventually lead the Jaffa to victory over the Goa'uld in season 8's "Reckoning"/"Threads". The Goa'uld have long weakened one another by continuous civil war amongst the System Lords, and the Jaffa see the Goa'uld's inability to save themselves from the Replicators as proof that they are false Gods. The new Jaffa Nation immediately becomes a major power, inheriting part of the fleets of the System Lords. Teal'c and Bra'tac are knighted Bloodkin to all Jaffa, the highest honour that can be bestowed on any Jaffa. The planet Dakara serves as the nation's new capital, and Chulak becomes a major stronghold for the Free Jaffa Nation in season 9.

Teal'c is chosen as a member of the new Jaffa High Council, but the nation is divided between the opposition progressives (including Teal'c and Bra'tac) with a vision of a representative democracy, and the ruling traditionalists who support the military oligarchy. Many of the councilors are the former leaders of the Jaffa Resistance, and initially resist the Ori religion after having worshiped false gods for too long. After the death of the traditionalist leader Gerak in season 9's "The Fourth Horseman", Teal'c supports Bra'tac as an interim leader before the nation adopts a constitution based on Earth representative democracies in "Stronghold". After the events of season 9's "Camelot", the Ori take control of Chulak. The Jaffa suffer greatly against the Ori forces, and Dakara is completely destroyed. The last Jaffa episode is season 10's "Talion", in which Teal'c kills the Jaffa leader of an Ori-devout group named Arkad. The fate of the Jaffa Nation and Teal'c's standing among the Jaffa remain unresolved at the end of the series. In the series finale, "Unending", Teal'c spends fifty years frozen in time on the Odyssey with the rest of SG-1 when Carter triggers a time dilation device to prevent them being destroyed by an Ori battlecruiser, but when she finds a way to escape and save the Odyssey that requires one person to go back to the moment before time froze, Teal'c volunteers as his Jaffa nature meant that aging fifty years wouldn't be as significant to him as it would be to his human colleagues. As a result, Teal'c is the only one who remembers what took place during the time dilation device, but he vowed to never share that information with others, and apart from having gained a white streak in his hair his physical potential remains relatively unaffected.

Teal'c appears in the direct-to-DVD films Stargate: The Ark of Truth and Stargate: Continuum. He also appears in two episodes of Stargate Atlantis, set before the events of Continuum. In "Reunion", he wishes Colonel Carter farewell before she leaves to become the new leader of Atlantis. In "Midway", he comes to Atlantis at Carter's request to teach Satedan warrior Ronon Dex how to deal with IOA interviews. While there, they develop a friendly rivalry, culminating in an hour-long sparring match which ended in a draw. When the Wraith leave the Pegasus galaxy and set foot at the SGC, Teal'c and Ronon work together to stop the enemy.


Teal'c is a Jaffa from the planet Chulak, a planet orbiting a binary star system. Jaffa have a human appearance but have an abdominal pouch which serves as an incubator for a larval Goa'uld.[6] The larval symbiote grants enhanced strength, health, healing, and longevity. Teal'c states he is 101 years old in season 4's "The Light", and ages an additional 50 years in season 10's "Unending". But since the symbiote also replaces the Jaffa's immune system, its removal is known to cause a long and painful death.[7] As a Jaffa, Teal'c does not require sleep, but must engage in a form of meditation called kel'no'reem in order to synchronize with his symbiote.[8] However, he later had his symbiote removed and survived on a drug called tretonin. After this, he was weaker, could not perform kel'no'reem and needed sleep.

Teal'c is a "stalwart alien with the unfathomable – and mostly silent – demeanor"[9] and "the most straight-faced member of SG-1".[10] Teal'c's catchphrase is "Indeed". Christopher Judge described Teal'c as a liberator who tries to end his people's enslavement.[10] Although Teal'c has certain advanced physical abilities and powers, he is very much human in his heart and in his mind.[10] Judge also described Teal'c as a "rebel in a society that doesn't tolerate rebels".[9] Teal'c is all about honor.[11] By season 7, Teal'c has become more vocal about expressing his feelings towards situations and other characters.[11] Teal'c became more accustomed to life on Earth, developed a taste for doughnuts and has gone on fishing trips with O'Neill, though he is puzzled as to why O'Neill fishes in a lake known to be devoid of fish. His favorite movie is Star Wars; he has seen it 9 times as of the season 5 episode Ascension. He once stated a dislike for "bovine lactose",[12] which may be due to an earlier episode ("Unnatural Selection"), in which Teal'c is seen gorging himself on ice cream and even stealing O'Neill's pint of ice cream from his hand when the Asgard beamed the refrigerated stores onto the Prometheus, implying that Teal'c may be lactose intolerant. In season 8, Judge wanted to take Teal'c one step closer to being more aware of Earth customs with a more Earth-like behavior, without him losing his alien perspective. He considered the first half of season 8 "the most my character has been given to do since we first started work on the series".[13]


At the beginning of the series, Teal'c is married to Drey'auc and has a son, Rya'c. When Teal'c defects to Earth, he leaves them behind on his homeworld, Chulak. Teal'c briefly reunites with his family in season 1's "Bloodlines" and season 2's "Family" to prevent Goa'uld influence on their life. Drey'auc marries Teal'c's childhood friend, Frotak, but Rya'c and Drey'auc leave Chulak to live in the Land of Light (from season 1's "The Broca Divide") soon after Frotak's death in "Family". Teal'c rekindles his feelings with a Tuk'ac temple priestess named Shau'nac in season 4's "Crossroads", but she is murdered soon thereafter. Drey'auc dies in a rebel Jaffa camp in season 6's "Redemption" after refusing a new larval symbiote. Teal'c begins a relationship with the Hak'tyl leader Ishta in season 7's "Birthright". He continues this relationship until at least season 8's "Sacrifices", where Rya'c also marries Kar'yn, a student of Ishta. Teal'c would also have a brief relationship with his neighbor, Krista.

O'Neill is suspicious of aliens in general except of Teal'c.[14] At the beginning of the series, Hammond does not accept Teal'c but comes to trust and respect him after realizing Teal'c's devotion to the Stargate Program.[15] General Landry also respects Teal'c as a warrior.[16]

The writers at first wanted to establish animosity between Teal'c and Daniel, particularly since Teal'c is indirectly responsible for the abduction of Daniel's wife Sha're, who was subsequent selected as a host for the Goa'uld Amaunet by Teal'c's then-master Apophis. "Forever in a Day" almost tries to flesh out this animosity. Judge and Michael Shanks, in real life best friends, protested, as they thought that Daniel would be fascinated by Teal'c's background, and Teal'c would be quite respectful to humans who have similar nobility despite behaving in a different manner. The producers eventually allowed the actors to show how much their characters care about and respect each other, although the characters may not get on with one another.[11]

For most of the run of SG-1, Teal'c is the only SG-1 member who is not from Earth. With the introduction of the human alien Jonas Quinn in season 6, the writers developed a relationship between the two aliens of the team "without making it seem exclusionary", and Teal'c is no longer the "Other" of the show.[17] Teal'c and Jonas end up bonding because they have similar backgrounds.[18] Christopher Judge explained that his character's amusement with Vala in seasons 9 and 10 contributed to Teal'c's loosening up.[19]

When Cameron Mitchell is introduced in season 9, Teal'c first reacts taken aback to Mitchell's enthusiasm, being more used to O'Neill's reserved attitude.[20] Teal'c is unsure if he likes Mitchell at first, but Mitchell forces Teal'c to interact with him. By not letting Teal'c step back and observe, Mitchell makes Teal'c an active part of the scene.[21] Teal'c and Mitchell are both warriors and leaders, but as Teal'c was established as a powerful warrior,[22] the producers eventually established that Mitchell gets beat up all the time in fights.[23]

Conceptual history[edit]

Christopher Judge had worked with Richard Dean Anderson before. Judge starred in a fifth season episode of MacGyver in 1990, where he played a high school student whom MacGyver tries to mentor and motivate despite negative influences.[10]

When the producers conceptualized Teal'c, they were unsure what they wanted, but had not met anyone who was definitely Teal'c for them. They were looking for African-American actors, and Judge was one of the last actors to read for the role. Judge was hired because the producers liked what he brought into the audition. They were receptive to Judge's input and gave him the freedom to change his lines from the beginning.[10] Judge sat down with the producers at the beginning of each season and discussed what Teal'c should go through and what would slowly make him more human.[10]

During the first season, Teal'c seemed less well-integrated into the team than for instance O'Neill and Daniel. He was the only character who did not benefit as much from the more personal stories in season 3 and seemed to stagnate. Rumors began to surface at the end of season 3 that Judge would leave the show, but they were quickly and firmly denied. The last episodes of season 3 featured Teal'c in a more prominent role, and he benefited from additional screen time and storylines in season 4.[9]

Judge received his first story credit for the season 5 episode "The Warrior", and later wrote "The Changeling" on his own, focusing on Teal'c's self-identity. He later penned the season 7 episode "Birthright" and the season 8 episode "Sacrifices", both dealing with the Jaffa Hak'tyl faction and Teal'c's new love interest Ishta.[10]

Make-up and hair[edit]

Since Teal'c wears a lot of make-up, Judge had to be on-set much earlier than the rest of the cast.[10] The producers' original idea for Teal'c included long ears and a specific beard piece, but the make-up department got it down to just a forehead symbol, an Egyptian look, and the character's gold skin tone. The make-up was reflective of the Goa'uld Ra from the Stargate feature film. In the beginning of SG-1, Teal'c's forehead symbol consisted of three parts, and it took about an hour to apply the parts to Judge's forehead. The process was simplified over the years.[24] The season 6 episodes "The Changeling" shows Teal'c experiencing an extended hallucination of being a human on Earth. For the filming of this episode, the eye make-up and the gold paint on the character was significantly toned down.[25] With the beginning of season 7, when Teal'c no longer had a Goa'uld symbiote in his pouch, the gold make-up was dropped.

Playing a bald-shaven head Teal'c for the first seven seasons, Judge usually let his hair grow during the show's hiatus, and shaved his head the morning of his first day back at work.[13] For the season four premiere "Small Victories", he returned to the set with a small blond chin beard after the hiatus, as the producers had not allowed his character to have scalp hair at the time.[26] Several episodes later, Judge shaved off the beard after acknowledging how it looked.[27] With the beginning of season 8, after "many years of begging, pleading and politicking", Judge approached the producers again and asked for his character to have hair, and they gave in. Brad Wright was convinced that the audience would hate it. Judge showed the cornrows hairstyle that he thought Teal'c would have, at a convention, but the hair was cut short before the shooting of season 8 began.[13] The story reasons for Teal'c's hair are never explained in the series, even despite Jack O'Neill making such an inquiry in "New Order", as he says, "What's with the hair?".



This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2008)

In 2002, Christopher Judge was nominated for a Saturn Award in the category "Best Supporting Actor in a Television Series".[28]


  1. ^"Fair Game". Stargate SG-1.
  2. ^"Crossroads". Stargate SG-1.
  3. ^"Threshold". Stargate SG-1.
  4. ^"Children of the Gods"
  5. ^"Death Knell"
  6. ^"Hathor". Stargate SG-1.
  7. ^"The Serpent's Lair". Stargate SG-1.
  8. ^"Holiday". Stargate SG-1.
  9. ^ abcStorm, Jo (2005). Approaching the Possible: The World of Stargate SG-1. Toronto, Canada: ECW Press. pp. 51–56. ISBN .
  10. ^ abcdefghStorm, Jo (2005). Approaching the Possible: The World of Stargate SG-1. Toronto, Canada: ECW Press. pp. 19–27. ISBN .
  11. ^ abcEramo, Steven (February 2004). "Michael Shanks & Christopher Judge – The Buddy System". TV Zone (Special 46): 20–25.
  12. ^Season 6, Episode 19 "The Changeling
  13. ^ abcEramo, Steven (July 2004). "Christopher Judge – Judge For Yourself". TV Zone (Special 58): 28–32.
  14. ^Eramo, Steven (July 2002). "Richard Dean Anderson – Mr Anderson – Colonel O'Neill". TV Zone (Special 46): 4–9.
  15. ^Eramo, Steven (July 2002). "Don S. Davis – The Don – General Hammond". TV Zone (Special 46): 30–33.
  16. ^Eramo, Steven (January 2007). "Actor Beau Bridges – Building Bridges". TV Zone (Special 74): 44–46.
  17. ^Storm, Jo (2005). Approaching the Possible: The World of Stargate SG-1. Toronto, Canada: ECW Press. p. 64. ISBN .
  18. ^Eramo, Steven (July 2002). "Corin Nemec – Jonas Quinn". TV Zone (Special 46): 22–26.
  19. ^Eramo, Steven (July 2006). "Actor Christopher Judge – Out Of The Box". TV Zone (Special 74): 24–27.
  20. ^Eramo, Steven (December 2005). "Amanda Tapping – Coming Home". TV Zone (Special 67): 30–33.
  21. ^Sumner, Darren (May 1, 2005). "Judgement Day: GateWorld talks with Christopher Judge". GateWorld. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
  22. ^Read, David (March 20, 2008). "Action Man: GateWorld talks with Ben Browder". GateWorld. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
  23. ^"Ben Browder: The ice storm". Total Sci-Fi Online. February 13, 2008. Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  24. ^Eramo, Steven (July 2002). "Jan Newman – Born With It – Make-up". TV Zone (Special 46): 62–65.
  25. ^Martin Wood and Christopher Judge (2003). Audio Commentary for "The Changeling" (DVD). MGM.
  26. ^Judge, Christopher, Shanks, Michael (2005). "From Stargate to Atlantis: The Lowdown, Part 1" (DVD – Stargate SG-1: Season 8). MGM Home Entertainment.
  27. ^Martin Wood (director) (2001). Audio Commentary for "Small Victories" (DVD – Stargate SG-1: Season 4). MGM Home Entertainment.
  28. ^"Stargate takes four Saturn Award nominations". GateWorld. March 15, 2002. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved 2009-03-13.

External links[edit]


Sg1 family stargate


Master Bra'tac makes a surprise visit to star-base and tells that Apophis and Klorel managed to escape just before their starship exploded and has Rya'c, Tealc's son, in his power. To maintain his position as system-lord he must restore order on Chulac, so SG-1 goes there, also to look for 'sholva' (outcast) Teal'c's family. They find his wife Drey'auc has remarried with high-ranking Jaffa Fro'tak. Teal'c vows to shun her forever after Rya'c's salvation from Apophis's palace, but the boy refuses to come with his 'hataka' (traitor) father and calls the guards so they must retreat without him and soon see him in Apophis' propaganda, however a deliberate wrong detail suggests he has not completely changed sides yet. A search of Fro'tac's house doesn't find the team; Jack follows their host to the palace and prevents him betraying them. Now Jack mistrusts the return of Rya'c too, Teal'c refuses to doubt his son; the others hesitate, and after their return on earth with the boy... —KGF Vissers

husband wife relationshipfather son relationshipbrainwashedbrainwashingdeprogramming13 more

Stargate SG-1 - we are the warriors.

Recap / Stargate SG-1 S2 E8 "Family"

Bra'tac comes through the stargate with the news that Apophis survived the attack on his ships and has kidnapped Teal'c's son Rya'c. SG-1 plus Bra'tac embark upon a rescue mission, but things become complicated when it emerges that Rya'c has been brainwashed by Apophis.

"Family" provides examples of the following tropes:

  • Apologetic Attacker: At the end, Teal'c had to zat his son as a last resort to reverse the brainwashing. Before doing so, he asks Rya'c for forgiveness.
  • Brainwashed and Crazy: Rya'c is brainwashed into renouncing his parents and embracing Apophis as his god.
  • Continuity Nod: O'Neill points out that this is not the first time the Goa'uld have used a child to sneak past earth's defenses.
  • Creepy Child: Rya'c under the influence of brainwashing.
  • Deprogramming: Teal'c manages to reverse the brainwashing by shooting Rya'c with a zat gun to imitate the effects of electro-convulsive therapy. Earlier, Jack actually mentions "deprogramming" as "not the sort of thing you want to put a child through."
  • Dressing as the Enemy: O'Neill has to don a serpent guard's outfit, complete with head covering, in order to get back to the house after following Fro'tac to the temple.
  • Hot-Blooded: Teal'c loses his cool when he finds out that his old friend Fro'tac is now married to his former wife, and has to give his word that he will not beat the other man to death.
  • Love Triangle: Between Teal'c/Drey'auc/Fro'tac; Teal'c and Drey'auc are in love but are kept apart by circumstance, while Drey'auc marries Fro'tac out of convenience to provide a better life for her son. Fro'tac seems to genuinely love Drey'auc and is not happy when he realizes she still retains her feelings for Teal'c.
  • The Magnificent: Spoofed with the team first meets Fro'tac.

    Fro'tac: I am Fro'tac of the High Cliffs.

    O'Neill: Jack, of The Windy City.

  • No-One Could Have Survived That: Said almost word-for-word by Carter after the team realizes Apophis didn't die when his ships exploded at the beginning of the season.
  • Not Quite Dead: Bra'tac informs the heroes that Apophis is not as dead as they believed him to be.
  • The Other Darrin: Drey'auc's actress has been replaced since her first appearance in "Bloodlines".
  • Spotting the Thread: Drey'auc realizes that there's something wrong with Rya'c because the teeth he lost during a recent training session have been replaced.
  • Trojan Horse: A very weird example where Apophis uses a brainwashed Rya'c to smuggle a biological weapon to earth in a pair of fake teeth.
  • What the Hell, Hero?: Drey'auc calls out Teal'c on his judgement of her marriage to Fro'tac, pointing out that he left her and Rya'c to fend for themselves and she is simply doing what is necessary to ensure their son does not grow up in poverty.
  • Would Hurt a Child: Apophis uses Rya'c as a Trojan Horse as described above.
    • Later, as described in Apologetic Attacker above, Teal'c had to zat his son to help to deprogram him. This, however, was necessary and Teal'c felt horrible about having to do it.

Now discussing:

Filling her pussy with my seed. Elvira was not happy with this, and quipped that she might be fucked properly in the film, she went into the shower to wash. When we washed up again, we sat down on the sofa, I found an advertisement on the cassette and wrote down the phone number. The next day Elvira called the number I had written down.

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